Archive for May, 2013

The hi-tech tattoo that could replace ALL your passwords: Motorola reveals plans for ink and even pills to identify us

Posted in Technology on May 30, 2013 by betweentwopines

  • The Moto X is expected to launch later this year and will be ‘more contextually aware than other phones’
  • The Biostamp electronic tattoo is made of silicon and contains an electrical circuit, antennae and sensors that bend and move with the wearer’s body
  • Proteus Digital Health’s ‘vitamin authentication pill’ is powered by acid in the wearer’s stomach and creates an 18-bit signal picked up by mobile phone
  • Motorola is trialling the technologies as authentication alternatives to non-secure traditional passwords


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Motorola has announced it is looking at alternatives to traditional passwords in a bid to make logging into online sites, or accessing mobile phones, more secure.

Among the ideas discussed at the D11 conference in California on Wednesday were electronic tattoos and authentication pills that people swallow.

The tattoos, developed by Massachusetts-based engineering firm MC10, contain flexible electronic circuits that are attached to the wearer’s skin using a rubber stamp.

Motorola's senior vice president of advance research, Regina Dugan, shows off an electronic tattoo at the D11 conference in California. Motorola’s senior vice president of advance research, Regina Dugan, shows off an electronic tattoo at the D11 conference in California. The tattoos, designed by Massachusetts-based firm MC10, are made from silicon and contain electronic circuits that bend and move with the wearer’s body. The tattoos, called Biostamps, were designed for medical purposes to track a patient’s health, but Motorola thinks the technology can be used for authentication purposes, as an alternative to traditional passwords

This image shows the various parts that make up the MC10 electronic tattoo called the Biostamp.This image shows the various parts that make up the MC10 electronic tattoo called the Biostamp. It can be stuck to the body using a rubber stamp, and protected using spray-on bandages. The circuit can be worn for two weeks and Motorola believes this makes it perfect for authentication purposes


A researcher at the University of Illinois used standard CMOS semiconductor computer chip technologies to create the Biostamp.

It uses high-performance silicon and can stretch up to 200 per cent.

The Biostamp can monitor temperature, hydration and strain, among other medical statistics

The first prototypes were stuck on using an plaster-style patches.

More recent prototypes are applied directly to the skin using a rubber stamp.

It can then be covered with spray-on bandage to make it more durable and waterproof enough to wash.

The MC10 Biostamp is said to last up to two weeks before it starts to come loose.

MC10 originally designed the tattoos, called Biostamps, to help medical teams measure the health of their patients either remotely, or without the need for large expensive machinery.

Motorola claims that the circuits, which also contain antennae and built-in sensors, could be adapted to work with mobile phones and tablets.


The mobile devices could then be used to confirm the owner’s identity and log them in to accounts automatically.

This would prevent thieves and other people from being able to access a phone, or individual apps on the device, if it is stolen or lost.

Another idea presented during the keynote talk at the Wall Street Journal conference with head of Motorola Dennis Woodside and senior vice president for advanced technology and products, Regina Dugan, was a swallowable pill.

The Proteus Digital Health pill has already been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Adminstration and was given European regulatory approval in 2010.

Another password-alternative presented by Motorola at the Wall Street Journal's D11 conference was the 'vitamin authentication pill'.Another password-alternative presented by Motorola at the Wall Street Journal’s D11 conference was the ‘vitamin authentication pill’. It contains a computer chip that creates an 18-bit signal when swallowed. Motorola is testing whether this signal can ‘talk’ to mobile phones and be used to authenticate a wearer’s identity


The Proteus Digital Health pill contains a computer chip and a switch.

Once swallowed, the acid in the wearer’s  stomach causes electrolytes to turn the switch on and off.

This creates an 18-bit ECG-like signal that can be picked up by mobile devices and authentication hardware to verify the wearer is the correct owner of the device or account.

It can also monitor heart rate.

The pill was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Adminstration in 2012 after getting European regulatory approval in 2010.

Motorola’s Regina Dugan called it the ‘vitamin authentication pill’ and said the pills can be taken every day for 30 days, if necessary, without any problems.

It contains a computer chip that can be powered like a battery using the acid in the wearer’s stomach.

Once swallowed the ‘vitamin authentication pill’ creates an 18-bit ECG-like signal inside the wearer’s body that can be picked up by mobile devices and authentication hardware outside.

This could be used verify the wearer is the correct owner of the device or account.

Dugan continued that the pill could be taken every day for 30 days, if necessary, without any problems.

Woodside added Motorola would not be shipping these ‘right away’ but they have ‘tested it authenticating a phone, and it works.’

He continued: ‘Having the boldness to think differently about problems that everybody has every day is really important for Motorola now.’

Dugan, who used to be head of the US Pentagon’s Defence Advanced Research Projects Agency, explained that each signal emitted by the pill could be unique to each user.

Both these ideas move away from traditional passwords and towards technology that turns the user into a physical authentication token.

Explaining the reasons behind the plans, Dugan said: ‘Authentication is irritating. In fact its so irritating only about half the people do it.

‘Despite the fact there is a lot of information about you on your smartphone, which makes you far more prone to identity theft.

‘After 40 years of advances in computation, we’re still authenticating the same way we did years ago – passwords.

The so-called 'vitamin authentication pill' has been designed by Proteus Digital Health in California. The so-called ‘vitamin authentication pill’ has been designed by Proteus Digital Health in California. It was passed by the FDA in 2012 after gaining European regulatory approval in 2010. The chip can be swallowed and used to monitor the wearer’s health and Motorola thinks it could be used for authentication


A team of hackers, commissioned by technology website Ars Technica, recently managed to crack more than 14,800 supposedly random passwords – from a list of 16,449  – as part of a hacking experiment.

The success rate for each hacker ranged from 62 per cent to 90 per cent, and the hacker who cracked 90 per cent of hashed passwords did so in less than an hour using a computer cluster.

The hackers also managed to crack 16-character passwords including ‘qeadzcwrsfxv1331’.

Earlier this month PayPal’s chief security officer, Michael Barrett said he wants to see a mixture of online passwords with hardware-based identification such as finger print scanning becoming more common.

Talking at the IT conference Interop in Las Vegas at the start of May, Barrett said: ‘Passwords, when used ubiquitously everywhere at Internet-scale are starting to fail us.

‘Users pick poor passwords and then they’ll reuse them everywhere.

‘That has the effect of reducing the security of their most secure account to the security of the least secure place they visit on the internet.’

‘In fact it’s worse, the average users does it 39 times a day and it takes them 2.3 seconds every time they do it.

‘Power users will do it up to 100 times a day.

‘So what are we doing about it? Well [Motorola] is thinking of a whole variety of options for how to do better at authentication such as near-term things including tokens or fobs that have NFC or bluetooth.

‘But you can also think about a means of authentication you can wear on your skin every day, say an electronic tattoo or a vitamin pill’.

During the talk, Woodside also unveiled Motorola’s plans to launch a new handset.

Motorola was bought by Google 2011, which owns the Android operating system.

The new phone, called the Moto X, will be built  in Texas and Woodside said he was ‘pretty confident in the products we’re going to be shipping in the fall’.

Woodside added that the Moto X would benefit from Motorola’s expertise in managing ultra-low power sensors — such as in accelerometers and gyroscopes — that can sense usage contexts and turn off certain components when not required, to save power.

He added that it will interact in different ways to other handsets and said the camera would ‘fire up in a way not seen before’ calling the handset ‘more contextually aware’ than other phones.

Motorola’s engineers have also come up with processors that will help save power, but didn’t elaborate further.

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ATS thread

New Study Links Aluminium Intake to Osteoporosis and Alzheimers Disease

Posted in Health on May 28, 2013 by betweentwopines


Written by Andrew Puhanic 

aluminum foil after cooking in an oven for 1.5 hrsA new study published in the International Journal of Electrochemical Science has discovered that cooking with aluminium increases the risk of developing Osteoporosis and Alzheimer’s Disease.

The human body can tolerate 1mg of aluminium per 1kg of bone weight before it begins to accumulate in the brain.

ASTONISHINGLY, it was found that up to 139.2 milligrams of aluminium per person could be consumed in one meal depending on how the food was prepared.

It is common practice around the world to cook, prepare and store food in aluminium. When aluminium is cold, leakage into food is minimal. However, when food is prepared in environments above 150c, aluminium leakage into food becomes alarming.

The researchers examined five different types of meat (beef, water buffalo, mutton, chicken, and turkey) that were packed in aluminium foil and cooked in ovens at various temperatures above 150c. They found that aluminium concentration exploded by 378% in red meats and 215% in poultry.

It was also identified that fat content in meat, in addition to the cooking process, impacted on how much aluminium was found in food.

It was also revealed that highly acidic foods wrapped in aluminium foil contained twice the amount of aluminium and that the size of an aluminium cooking pan also determined how much aluminium leaked into food.

Relationship between the aluminum circular pan area with aluminum intake

Relationship between the aluminum circular pan area with aluminum intake

FOOD manufacturers frequently use aluminium to store and preserve food. It’s cheap and highly malleable. However, there are ways to reduce your intake of aluminium from your diet.

How to Reduce Aluminium from Your Diet

1) Ordinarily, drinking water contains low levels of aluminium. Therefore, try to avoid drinking water and fizzy drinks that are stored in aluminium containers.

2) Avoid using antiperspirants (deodorants) that contain aluminium. Many leading brands of antiperspirants contain large quantities of aluminium. In fact, a study published in the Journal of Applied Toxicology found that long-term exposure of human mammary epithelial cells to aluminium resulted in an elevated risk of developing cancer.

3) It is recommended to take calcium, magnesium and zinc supplements to help prevent your body from accumulating high levels of aluminium.

4) There are alternative remedies and food that can help detox the body of aluminium. Lemon Juice, Tumeric, Garlic, Kelp and Cilantro are all widely used to detox the body of Aluminium. Also, soaking your feet for 30 minutes or more in a solution of Epsom salts (1/2 cup) and sea salt (1/2 cup) can remove aluminium through your feet.

For more information on how to remove aluminium from your diet, click here.

Final Remarks

This study concluded that Aluminium foil is not suitable for cooking, especially with food that is highly acidic, and that ingestion of food baked with aluminium foil could aid the development of life-threatening illnesses.

There is enough evidence now to suggest that people who are exposed to high levels of aluminium are at risk of developing terminal illnesses and other complications to their health.

The difficulty we all face is that aluminium is used in almost all of our foods.

In comparison to the difficulties we face in removing fluoride from our diet, aluminium is so prevalent that it’s almost impossible to remove all artificially derived aluminium from our lives.

THE best thing we can do is create awareness in our community about the dangers of aluminium and seek the government to label the risks of exposure to aluminium, especially when cooking.



ATS thread

Bee’s Honey: Most Potent Medicine

Posted in Health on May 26, 2013 by betweentwopines

Bee’s Honey: Most Potent Medicine, Biggest Cover Up in Medical History – Exposed!

by muzzleflash  of ATS

the Most Powerful and Cheapest Medicine Known to Science
WARNING: Do not give Honey to children under age 1 this can be dangerous.
More info on this below w/explanation.

Fact : Bee’s Honey has powerful antiviral, antifungal, antibacterial, antitumor, antimetastatic, antiparasitic etc, properties.

Hippocrates, father of modern medicine and purveyor of medicinal honey: “Let food be thine medicine.”

Honey, the biggest modern cover up of the most useful and practical medicine of all. My claim is based on scientific and historical facts as you shall see. The most potent and versitile medical substance known to mankind. Capable of putting the hurt on nearly any ailment if applied correctly, when in a high purity concentrations.

There are apparently no negative side effects of honey on your body, so it is absolutely safe in humans over age 1 when taken responsibly. However people with severe allergies need to take an extremely extremely small amount and work their way up cautiously, because honey a useful way to alleviate pollen allergies (when you get it locally and pure, you need local pollen to match what you breathe). If you fear a severe allergic reaction, consult someprofessionals/experts and inform them you want to try some honey. They can aid you further in discussing possible allergic complications and remedies. The same goes for diabetics you need to research the issue and consult experts before you take any actions, I have provided information below in relation to this. Exercise caution if you have ailments like these.

Honey properties Link

Honey has so many potent chemicals within it, than ‘modern science’ hardly knows any of them or their properties yet. Available information results to probably 10% of what we should know by now, thus my claim of a cover up, considering honey is available everywhere cheaply.
Perhaps there are secret tests conducted for the elite, but they are not available and we are left with very limited and sparse research to draw from. I will link to a few of these, but I expect everyone to do their own basic Google searches for their own questions as well.

No matter how fast a virus or bacterium can mutate and adapt, honey seems to remain hundreds of steps ahead.

The Viruses worst nightmare:
Antiviral Properties link link

HIV can mutate all it wants, but honey can still slow it down significantly and may be our best route for developing a cure. link link

STD’s seem to have met their match.
Honey better than drugs for Herpes

Influenza and Coronavirus watch out!
Google results Coronavirus Honey
Influenza and Bronchitis remedy

Almost no virus known to mankind can withstand such dastardly chemical warfare tactics, and I actually don’t know of one specifically yet. So if you find something link it and we can discuss the science behind it.

The Bacterial Apocalypse:

Honey Dressings in non healing wounds

Flesh eating bacteria?
Super resistant bugs? Out for the count.

“To date we are not aware of any honey-resistant bacteria, therefore manuka honey could help to overcome some of the problems associated with antimicrobial resistant strains of bacteria,” she added. “Here’s the breakdown of results:
Sidr honey was 63% effective in killing MSSA.
Sidr honey was 73% effective in killing MRSA.
Sidr honey was 91% effective in killing PA.
Manuka honey was 82% effective in killing MSSA.
Manuka honey was 63% effective in killing MRSA.
Manuka honey was 91% effective in killing PA.”

“Exposure to manuka honey for 2 hours effectively destroyed 24-hour biofilms of S. pyogenes, causing significant cell death (85%) and removal of cells from the biofilm.”

Wound infections? Dental infections? Knock them right out with a little gift from the bee.
Dental caries incidence is far less in studies and may even be hindered by honey replacement over other sugars, but we need more studies on this as the scientists claim.

Nearly every hospital in the world has access to MediHoney, which is just essentially honey that was irradiated. Which I find mostly unnecessary but I would like to see comparisons to know if it’s any better. The fact almost no one knows about MediHoney and that no one knows it can defeat all of these “super bugs”, is testament to the level of conspiracy we are dealing with here.

From what I can tell, the only known pathogens that can sneak past the Honey onslaught are those who reproduce with spores. This is very clever and sneaky and I suppose nature always finds a way. So this is why they always say do not give honey to children under 1 years old, for fear of botulism.
I think the cure to botulism is probably honey though, I’ll have to look into that because I am not sure.

Biological warfare? EbolaPox hybrids? Honey is your only real chance at defense, and in theory it should work if applied correctly (granted you have enough time).

Yes, most fungal infections you have may be slowed, reversed, and likely defeated by honey applications.

Beating Cancer:
Yes, honey possesses “moderate antitumor and pronounced anti-metastatic effects”, and can aid in inhibition of various types of cancers.

Honey use is a good alternative to other sugar sources, and it may even be the best route to treatment, however more research needs to be done here.
diabetic info

” clinical studies have shown that pure honey is a healthier choice in diabetic diet than table sugar and any other non-nutritive sweeteners such as Splenda, saccharin, aspartame? Honey requires lower levels of insulin compared to regular white sugar and does not raise blood sugar levels as rapidly as table sugar, that is, it has a lower Glycemic Index than sugar. “



ATS thread

Cholesterol, Statins, The Truth Revealed!

Posted in Health on May 25, 2013 by betweentwopines
Pharmacist and Natural Health Consultant Niraj Naik MPharm attempts to give cholesterol, a substance found in every human being, a fair trial, as it has for many years been accused of causing heart disease.

This is a talk held for the Yoga Teachers, Traditional Yoga Association, UK 2011

After many years of research during his work as a pharmacist he felt there was something not quite right with the hypothesis that high cholesterol and saturated fat leads to heart disease. Due to the enormous number of side effects his patients were suffering from after using the blockbuster heart drugs, statins, he was further motivated to seek alternatives to help them.

His work uncovers the ugly truth that the perhaps the current cholesterol hypothesis is a blatant lie, with the truth about what really causes heart disease being hidden from the public for the benefit of corporate profit.

Part 1: Niraj shows the evidence from both sides, so you can make an informed decision on whether or not cholesterol is to blame for the cause of heart disease.

Part 2: Niraj explains the new and probably more likely hypothesis for what really causes heart disease. Unfortunately it is more complex than the culprit being a single molecule, allowing a drug to be designed to alter its function or levels in the blood. Instead a more holistic and natural treatment is necessary for the prevention of heart disease, and some options are revealed that are completely drug and side effect free with compelling evidence to support that backs them.

Cholesterol, Statins, The Truth Revealed!  Part 2

Beans: Protein-Rich Superfoods

Posted in Uncategorized on May 23, 2013 by betweentwopines


High in fiber and antioxidants, beans aren’t just good for the waistline, they may aid in disease prevention, too.
WebMD the Magazine – Feature


More than just a meat substitute, beans are so nutritious that the latest dietary guidelines recommend we triple our current intake from 1 to 3 cups per week. What makes beans so good for us? Here’s what the experts have to say:

Chronic conditions such as cancer, diabetes, and heart disease all have something in common. Being overweight increases your chances of developing them and makes your prognosis worse if you do, says Mark Brick, PhD — which means that trimming your waistline does more for you than make your pants look better. Brick, a professor in the department of soil and crop sciences at Colorado State University, is investigating the ability of different bean varieties to prevent cancer and diabetes.

Beans are comparable to meat when it comes to calories, says Dawn Jackson Blatner, RD, a registered dietitian at Northwestern Memorial Hospital’s Wellness Institute in Chicago and a spokeswoman for the American Dietetic Association. But they really shine in terms of fiber and water content, two ingredients that make you feel fuller, faster. Adding beans to your diet helps cut calories without feeling deprived.

Our diets tend to be seriously skimpy when it comes to fiber (the average American consumes just 15 grams daily), to the detriment of both our hearts and our waistlines. One cup of cooked beans (or two-thirds of a can) provides about 12 grams of fiber — nearly half the recommended daily dose of 21 to 25 grams per day for adult women (30 to 38 grams for adult men). Meat, on the other hand, contains no fiber at all.

This difference in fiber content means that meat is digested fairly quickly, Brick says, whereas beans are digested slowly, keeping you satisfied longer. Plus, beans are low in sugar, which prevents insulin in the bloodstream from spiking and causing hunger. When you substitute beans for meat in your diet, you get the added bonus of a decrease in saturated fat, says Blatner.

Still not convinced? In a recent study, bean eaters weighed, on average, 7 pounds less and had slimmer waists than their bean-avoiding counterparts — yet they consumed 199 calories more per day if they were adults and an incredible 335 calories more if they were teenagers.

Beans have something else that meat lacks, Blatner says: phytochemicals, compounds found only in plants (phyto is Greek for “plant”). Beans are high in antioxidants, a class of phytochemicals that incapacitate cell-damaging free radicals in the body, says Brick. (Free radicals have been implicated in everything from cancer and aging to neurodegenerative diseases like Parkinson’s andAlzheimer’s.)

In a U.S. Department of Agriculture study, researchers measured the antioxidant capacities of more than 100 common foods. Three types of beans made the top four: small red beans, red kidney beans, and pinto beans. And three others — black beans, navy beans, and black-eyed peas — achieved top-40 status.

The bottom line? Beans are pretty much the perfect food, Brick says.

The 4 Big Ways That Insatiable Corporate Hunger for Profits Has Devastated American Life — and the World Along with It

Posted in Finance on May 22, 2013 by betweentwopines

Big business is making its way around the world like a modern-day Attila the Hun, pillaging and despoiling the planet.

The damage caused by the relentless corporate drive for profits has become more clear in recent years. In the most important areas of American life, devastating changes have occurred:

Health Care: Almost half of the working-age adults in America passed up doctor visits or other medical services because they couldn’t afford to pay. The system hasn’t supported kids, either. A  UNICEF study places the U.S. 26th out of 29 OECD countries in the overall well-being of its children.

Education: Student loan balances increased by 75% between 2007 and 2012.

Household Wealth: Median wealth fell by 66% among Hispanic households and 53% among black households between 2005 and 2009, mainly because of the mortgage banking collapse. Almost half of Americans have  ZEROwealth, with their assets surpassed by debt.

Water and Food: Life-giving seeds and drinking water have been increasingly treated as products to be bought and sold.

All these areas of life have been degraded by a free-market system that has thrived on publicly-funded research, infrastructure, and defense. Yet in a brazen show of  hypocrisy, major corporations have ignored all the problems they’ve caused, choosing instead to cut their taxes in half despite doubling their profits, to hold  60% of its cash offshore, to eliminate workers rather than create jobs, and to reduce the pay of their remaining employees.

An Apple executive explained: “We don’t have an obligation to solve America’s problems.”

Calling Themselves ‘Multinationals’: No Allegiance to Anyone

Big business has found its Utopia, a world in which millions of people are willing to work for a fraction of U.S. salaries.

In this dream world of global capitalism, young people are going from zero income on the farm to a few dollars a day on a 12-hour factory shift, and as a result, based on the  World Bank’s poverty threshold of $1.25 per day, they’re no longer “in poverty.” So the media piles on praise for free markets.  The Economist proclaimed that “poverty is declining everywhere.” The  Washington Post gushed that “a billion people have been lifted from poverty through free-market competition.”

But the reality is very different. Inequality continues to grow, both between and within countries. Poverty levels haven’t changed much in 30 years, with almost  half of humanity, up to three billion people, living on less than $2.50 a day. A quarter of the world’s  children – over 170 million kids under age five – are growing up stunted because of malnutrition.

The World Bank estimates the total  cost for a successful attack on malnutrition would be approximately $10.3 to $11.8 billion annually.  Apple alone underpaid its 2012 taxes by $11 billion, based on a 35% rate.

It may be time to update the company’s quote: “We don’t have an obligation to solve the world’s problems.”

Even if there were no obligation to help solve the world’s problems, there IS an obligation to pay for global energy consumption and infrastructure usage and industrial pollution. Yet a review of  25 multinational companies shows clear negligence in meeting that responsibility. The 25 companies, with almost a half-trillion dollars in 2011-12 income, paid just 8% in taxes to the U.S. and 9% to foreign countries. A 35% tax — paid to ANY country or countries — would have generated another $90 billion over two years, four times the amount needed to battle malnutrition.

Even Worse Than Not Paying: Making the World Pay for Them

A recent  study estimated that  toxic pollution affects the health of more than 100 million people, shortening their productive life spans by 12.7 years on average. A related  study concluded that in 2010 over 8 million individuals were at risk of exposure to industrial pollutants at 373 toxic waste sites in three low-income countries (India, Indonesia, and the Philippines).

Some of our largest multinational companies hold top positions on the  federal contractor misconduct list, which recognizes corporate environmental, ethics, and labor violations. Oil spills are common. Underdeveloped countries like Nigeria have been ravaged by oil production. Big firms are buying up  farmland in more than 60 developing countries. Most perversely, multinationals are working hard to pass trade agreements, such as the  Trans-Pacific Partnership, which would actually dismantle environmental protections.

Absurd as it once seemed, a 1991 quote from the World Bank’s Larry Summers now comes back to haunt us: “Just between you and me, shouldn’t the World Bank be encouraging more migration of the dirty industries to the LDCs (lesser developed countries)?…I’ve always thought that underpopulated countries in Africa are vastly under polluted.”

And as big business makes its way around the world like a modern-day Attila the Hun, pillaging and despoiling, it has the U.S.  military covering its back with 900 overseas bases in 130 nations. If one of the countries kicks up a fuss, the corporations can just move on to the next one.



NASA Funds 3D Pizza Printer

Posted in Science, Technology on May 22, 2013 by betweentwopines


by Denise Chow, Staff Writer
Date: 21 May 2013

NASA has doled out a research grant to develop a prototype 3D printer for food, so astronauts may one day enjoy 3D-printed pizza on Mars.

Anjan Contractor, a senior mechanical engineer at Systems and Materials Research Corporation (SMRC), based in Austin, Texas, received a $125,000 grant from the space agency to build a prototype of his food synthesizer, as was first reported by Quartz.

NASA hopes the technology may one day be used to feed astronauts on longer space missions, such as the roughly 520 days required for a manned flight to Mars. Manned missions to destinations deeper in the solar system would require food that can last an even longer amount of time.

“Long distance space travel requires 15-plus years of shelf life,” Contractor told Quartz. “The way we are working on it is, all the carbs, proteins and macro and micro nutrients are in powder form. We take moisture out, and in that form it will last maybe 30 years.”

Dividing the various components of food in powder cartridges would theoretically enable users to mix them together, like the ingredients in normal recipes, to create a diverse array of nutritious meals.

To prove his idea works, Contractor printed chocolate. Now, he’s aiming to build a more advancedprototype to print a pizza, according to Quartz.

The system will start by “printing” a sheet of dough, followed by a layer of tomato “sauce,” which will consist of the powder mixed with water and oil. Instead of traditional toppings, the 3D-printed pizza will be finished off with a layer of protein, which can be derived from animals, milk or plants, Contractor told Quartz.

While NASA sees applications for 3D printers on future manned space missions, Contractor said his food synthesizer could also be an effective way of addressing the problem of food shortages from rapid population growth.

“I think, and many economists think, that current food systems can’t supply 12 billion people sufficiently,” Contractor told Quartz. “So we eventually have to change our perception of what we see as food.”

Follow Denise Chow on Twitter