Archive for the Nature Category

20 new science papers find climate driven by solar changes

Posted in ATS Thread, Climate/Weather, Conspiracy, Nature, Science on May 18, 2017 by betweentwopines

Post by Justonem at ATS  –  ‘I have been putting this type of thought out there for years on ATS. Here is a chance to learn for yourselves about true science doing research you can read for yourself and get the ‘skinny’ on what is driving our climate, really. ‘
Earlier this month, the first installment in the accumulating list of hundreds of new peer-reviewed scientific papers supporting a skeptical position on climate change alarm was made available. Included on the list were 38 papers linking climate changes to solar forcing: 38 Sun-Climate Scientific Papers, January-March 2017

“None of these 20 stories dwell very dramatically on the magnetic pole shift I also think is working but one or two of them do discuss the affect on the Earth from the Sun’s magnetic field and it’s cycles. ”

Here is a NOAA article to get you going on that so you will have a source you might consider if you feel these 20 papers are total BS.

www.ngdc.noaa.gov…

I know some of you are going to flame me but we have 20 papers, that were published and have the weight of research that IMHO is very credible. The data has been obvious to me for about 20 years about the Solar cycles and things like the Medieval Warming Period where the grapes of wine grade were producing wine for the British Isle’s.

I look forward to being challenged by the deniers of reality who think people/Scientists like me who believe that AGW is not significant are off base. AGW may be happening but we are not that important compared to the cycle of Solar and Earth magnetic pole shifts. The people reporting that AGW is very significant are sell outs like Dr. Neil Degrasse Tyson and Bill Nye (both of whom I have admired but challenge on AGW).

I know of a car that runs on Hydrogen that Al Gore ignored while teaching at the University it was designed 25 + years ago for those who think we have to live off Carbon or should dump it because Al “proves” it to be dangerous to climate. He is a greedy person IMHO.

www.youtube.com…

I make my living as an Environmental Scientist and work with atmospheric pollution data and wrote to him several times with not one word of response. I have been emailing Dr. Spencer about the magnetic field and he feels he is not the one to go in that direction but any of you Physicists among us here should do so if you haven’t already.”

Huge Storm May Raise North Pole Temps 50 Degrees

Posted in Climate/Weather, Nature, Warnings on December 30, 2015 by betweentwopines

A deep low pressure system in the North Atlantic is expected to reach maximum intensity off Iceland by Wednesday morning, battering that country with high winds and bringing yet more rain to the United Kingdom, which is already reeling from record floods. Expected to be one of the strongest storms — if not the strongest — ever recorded in this area of the North Atlantic, it’s at least partly a continuation of the same low pressure system that helped spawn tornadoes in Dallas on Saturday.

Heading north and east, that system is now rounding Greenland, pushing warm temperatures ahead of it and drawing high winds behind it, where it seems set to clash with a pair of low pressure systems already in the Atlantic.

DNews Stormtracker: Get Watches And Warnings

Intense storms off Iceland and Greenland are not uncommon during winter; but, notes climate writer Andrew Freedman at Mashable, ”in a region famous for ship-sinking waves and relentless blizzards, this storm may stand out for its sheer intensity.”

One consequence of the storm system will be a surge of warmth northward from the Atlantic deep into the High Arctic. Temperatures at the North Pole — which, it’s worth remembering, is presently enveloped in 24 hour darkness — could reach 40 degrees F, warmer than Oklahoma City, El Paso, and southern California, and fully 50 degrees warmer than the seasonal average.

Large temperature fluctuations in the Arctic are relatively common, notes Freedman, but such an anomaly is “extreme.” Indeed, according to meteorologist Bob Henson at The Weather Underground, there have been only three instances since 1948 when North Pole temperatures have hit or exceeded the freezing mark in December, and none in January through March.

What Happened To The Polar Vortex?

Such a high, even if for a short duration, could impact the formation of winter sea ice, at a time when sea ice levels in spring, summer and fall are already at historic lows as a result of climate change.

Last week, NOAA released the latest edition of its annual Arctic Report Card, in which it noted that 10 years ago “Arctic sea ice set a new record unlike anything previously observed. The 2015 low is 350,000 square miles below that. In fact, the nine lowest Arctic sea ice extents in the satellite record have all occurred in the last nine years.” This year’s sea ice minimum was the fourth smallest on record.

Sea ice during the winter maximum is becoming younger and thinner, whereas, in 1985, what is known as “very old ice” — ice that has survived several summer melt cycles — constituted 25 percent of the Arctic icepack. In 2015 that figure was a mere 3 percent.

Because it’s thinner, younger sea ice is less resistant to melting, and a high proportion of first-year ice means that the ice pack effectively must rebuild itself completely each winter.

Source : http://news.discovery.com/earth/weather-extreme-events/huge-storm-may-raise-north-pole-temps-50-degrees-151229.htm

Related :
Warm Arctic Storm To Hurl Hurricane Force Winds at UK and Iceland, Push Temps to 72+ Degrees (F) Above Normal at North Pole

” We’ve probably never seen weather like what’s being predicted for a vast region stretching from the North Atlantic to the North Pole and on into the broader Arctic this coming week. But it’s all in the forecast — an Icelandic low that’s stronger than most hurricanes featuring a wind field stretching over hundreds and hundreds of miles. One that taps warm tropical air and hurls it all the way to the North Pole and beyond during Winter time. And it all just reeks of a human-forced warming of the Earth’s climate…

Freak North Atlantic Storm Featuring Extremely Low Pressures

Sunday afternoon, a powerful, hurricane force low pressure system was in the process of rounding the southern tip of Greenland. This burly 960 mb beast roared out of an increasingly unstable Baffin Bay on Christmas. As it rounded Greenland and entered the North Atlantic, it pulled behind it a thousand-mile-wide gale force wind field even as it lashed the tip of Greenland with Hurricane force gusts. To its east, the storm now links with three other lows. Lows that are, even now, drawing south-to-north winds up from a region just west of Gibraltar, on past the UK, up beyond Iceland, over Svalbard, and into the Arctic Ocean itself.”

Parallel Worlds Could Explain Wacky Quantum Physics

Posted in Cosmos, Nature, Science on August 4, 2015 by betweentwopines

 

Source: http://www.livescience.com/48806-parallel-worlds-quantum-mechanics-theory.html?cmpid=514627_20150803_50103216&adbid=10152910982671761&adbpl=fb&adbpr=30478646760

Related : Nothing Is Solid & Everything Is Energy – Scientists Explain The World of Quantum Physics

Did Quantum Physics Just Prove The Existence of An Afterlife?

               Parallel worlds exist and interact with our world, say physicists

Future volcanism at Yellowstone caldera: Insights from geochemistry of young volcanic units and monitoring of volcanic unrest

Posted in Nature on May 2, 2015 by betweentwopines

Guillaume Girard*, John Stix

Dept. of Earth and Planetary Sciences, McGill University, 3450 University St., Montreal QC H3A 2A7, Canada

Abstract

In order to understand possible future scenarios of intracaldera volcanism at Yellowstone, we provide new insights on the generation and eruption of the youngest intracaldera rhyolitic magmas using quartz petrography, geochemistry, and geobarometry. We propose that magma ascent occurred rapidly from the source regions at 8–10 km to the surface along major regional faults, without storage at shallower depths. These source regions coincide with the upper parts of the present-day imaged magma chamber, while the faults focus much of the present-day caldera unrest. Based on these combined observations, we propose that volcanism has a higher probability to resume in three fault-controlled NNW-trending lineaments, the first coinciding with the western caldera rim, the second lying across the central region of the caldera, and the third extending across the northeastern caldera. The first two lineaments focused recent intracaldera volcanism (174–70 ka), while the latter is the most active in terms of current caldera unrest. Future volcanism could include large-volume lava flows and phreato-magmatic rhyolitic eruptions. The identification of these three regions together with potentially rapid eruptive mechanisms may help to better define future monitoring efforts necessary to improve eruption forecasting in this vast area of volcanic unrest.

Full story : http://www.geosociety.org/gsatoday/archive/22/9/abstract/i1052-5173-22-9-4.htm

Big Bang theory could be debunked by Large Hadron Collider

Posted in Cosmos, Nature, Science on March 24, 2015 by betweentwopines

 

Scientists at Cern could prove the controversial theory of ‘rainbow gravity’ which suggests that the universe stretches back into time infinitely, with no Big Bang

The theory of Rainbow Gravity may prove that the Big Bang could not have happened

By Sarah Knapton

” Big Bang theory could be debunked by Large Hadron Collider
Scientists at Cern could prove the controversial theory of ‘rainbow gravity’ which suggests that the universe stretches back into time infinitely, with no Big Bang

The detection of miniature black holes by the Large Hadron Collider could prove the existence of parallel universes and show that the Big Bang did not happen, scientists believe.

The particle accelerator, which will be restarted this week, has already found the Higgs boson – the God Particle – which is thought to give mass to other particles.

Now scientists at Cern in Switzerland believe they might find miniature black holes which would reveal the existence of a parallel universe.

And if the holes are found at a certain energy, it could prove the controversial theory of ‘rainbow gravity’ which suggests that the universe stretches back into time infinitely with no singular point where it started, and no Big Bang.

The theory was postulated to reconcile Einstein’s theory of general relativity – which deals with very large objects, and quantum mechanics – which looks at the tiniest building blocks of the universe. It takes its name from a suggestion that gravity’s effect on the cosmos is felt differently by varying wavelengths of light.

The huge amounts of energy needed to make ‘rainbow gravity’ would mean that the early universe was very different. One result would be that if you retrace time backward, the universe gets denser, approaching an infinite density but never quite reaching it.

The effect of rainbow gravity is small for objects like the Earth but it is significant and measurable for black holes. It could be detected by the Large Hadron Collider if it picks up or creates black holes within the accelerator.
“We have calculated the energy at which we expect to detect these mini black holes in gravity’s rainbow [a new theory]. If we do detect mini black holes at this energy, then we will know that both gravity’s rainbow and extra dimensions are correct, Dr Mir Faizal told Phys.org. ”

 

More at : http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/science/large-hadron-collider/11489442/Big-Bang-theory-could-be-debunked-by-Large-Hadron-Collider.html

Posted in Nature, Science on March 21, 2015 by betweentwopines

Chemists claim to have solved riddle of how life began on Earth

 

A team of chemists working at the MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, at Cambridge in the UK believes they have solved the mystery of how it was possible for life to begin on Earth over four billion years ago. In their paper published in the journal Nature Chemistry, the team describes how they were able to map reactions that produced two and three-carbon sugars, amino acids, ribonucleotides and glycerol—the material necessary for metabolism and for creating the building blocks of proteins and ribonucleic acid molecules and also for allowing for the creation of lipids that form cell membranes.


they believe they have found a way to show that everything necessary for life to evolve could have done so from just hydrogen sulfide, hydrogen cyanide and ultraviolet light and that those building blocks could have all existed at the same time—in their paper, they report that using just those three basic ingredients they were able to produce more than 50 nucleic acids—precursors to DNA and RNA molecules.


They note that early meteorites carried with them ingredients that would react with nitrogen already in the atmosphere, producing a lot of hydrogen cyanide. By dissolving in water, it could have very easily come into contact with hydrogen sulfide, while being exposed to ultraviolet light from the sun. And that, they claim, would have been all that was needed to get things going.

 

More at : http://phys.org/news/2015-03-chemists-riddle-life-began-earth.html

 

Related : Common origins of RNA, protein and lipid precursors in a cyanosulfidic protometabolism

 

 

European Space Agency: Magnetic north wandering south toward Siberia

Posted in Nature, Science on March 17, 2015 by betweentwopines

The data showed that Earth’s north magnetic pole — different from the geographic North Pole, which marks Earth’s rotational axis — is moving south. Since magnetic north was first located in 1831, it has wandered more than 600 miles.

In recent years, its movement has accelerated, from an average of six miles a year to 25 miles, and scientists predict it could travel from its current position in North America to Asia within a few decades.

Magnetic pole reversals occur on average every 200,000 to 300,000 years, and the magnetic field weakening observed by Swarm could indicate an upcoming pole shift. The last reversal was about 780,000 years ago.

Such shifts usually take thousands of years, but some scientists believe they have found evidence that they happen much more rapidly. In cases of rapid shifts, the reversed polarity was short and temporary.

 

Read more at :  http://america.aljazeera.com/articles/2014/6/23/pole-shift-magnetic.html

Is this picture a ‘seed’ sent to Earth by aliens? Scientists discover mysterious organism

Posted in Alien, Cosmos, Nature, Science on January 26, 2015 by betweentwopines

 

THIS astonishing picture of an “organism” found in space has baffled scientists who think it is a “seed” sent to Earth by aliens.

By Nathan Rao

Some scientists believe this is a seed sent to earth by aliensUniversity of Buckingham

Some scientists believe this is a seed sent to earth by aliens

The never-before seen image shows a microscopic metal globe spewing out biological material feared to be an infectious agent.

Though the origin or purpose of the mysterious sphere is uncertain, experts say it could contain genetic material – the precursor to life.

They sensationally claim it could have been designed by an intelligent species to “seed” and propagate alien life on Earth.

It is the first time anything like this has been seen and points not only to the existence of extra-terrestrial life, but to complex and civilised beings watching our planet.

It follows findings that DNA  capable of inserting itself into living creatures and replicating can exist in harsh space conditions.

A tiny ‘plasmid’, a circular strand of DNA used in genetic engineering, was sent into space from Sweden in 2011 on the exterior of a TEXUS-49 rocket.

The mysterious organism has baffled scientistsUniversity of Buckingham

The mysterious organism has baffled scientists

After enduring 1,000C heat it was found to still be intact and with its biological properties when it returned to Earth.

Professor Chandra Wickramasinghe director of the Buckingham Centre for Astrobiology at the University of Buckingham in England, said it is further proof of alien life.

However the latest finding, by Professor Milton Wainwright and his team from the University of Sheffield and the University of Buckingham Centre for Astrobiology, could reveal a much more sinister purpose.

Conjuring images as warned by H.G Wells in his 1898 novel War of the Worlds – it could have been deliberately engineered and sent to Earth to infect the planet.

Professor Wainwright said the structure is made from the metals titanium and vanadium with a “gooey” biological liquid oozing from its centre.

He said there are several theories as to where it came from, the first being it is a complete microorganism programmed to propagate alien life on Earth.

“It is  a ball about the width of a human hair, which has filamentous life on the outside and a gooey biological material oozing from its centre,” he said.

“We were stunned when X-ray analysis showed that the sphere is made up mainly of titanium, with a trace of vanadium.

“One theory is it was sent to Earth by some unknown civilisation in order to continue seeding the planet with life.

“This seeming piece of science fiction, called “directed panspermia” would probably not be taken seriously by any scientist were it not for the fact that it was very seriously suggested by the Nobel Prize winner of DNA fame, Sir Francis Crick.

“Unless of course we can find details of the civilisation that is supposed to have sent it in this respect it is probably an unprovable theory.”

Professor Wainwright and his team found the object in dust and particulate matter collected from the stratosphere.

He sent balloons 27km into the sky to collect debris from space and isolated several particles he claims are proof of life in space.

It comes as the mysterious “ghost particle”, also found by Professor Wainwright was revealed and follows the revelation last year of the astonishing “Dragon Particle” the first of its kind to point towards proof of life in space.

Professor Wainwright said the curious orb landed on the sampler balloon it left a tiny impact crater proving it could not have gently fallen from close by.

He said: “On hitting the stratosphere sampler the sphere made an impact crater, a minute version of the huge impact crater on Earth caused by the asteroid said to have killed off the dinosaurs.

“This impact crater proves that the sphere was incoming to Earth from space, an organism coming from Earth would not be travelling fast enough when it fell back to Earth to cause such damage.

“This seems never before to have been found on Earth.”

He said one theory is the object was released deliberately to infect the human race with life-threatening diseases, another is that it travelled millions of miles on a comet.

He said: “For the moment, we are content to say that the life-containing titanium sphere came from space, possibly from a comet.

“NASA is currently sending a balloon into the stratosphere to look for life.

“Hopefully they will get the same results as we have, whether or not they acknowledge what the  team have found, or claim the discovery for themselves remains to be seen.”

The findings come as scientists in the UK and Japan launch the ISPA (Institute for the Study of Panspermia and Astroeconomics) which seeks to prove life on Earth originated from Space.

Professor Wickramasinghe, director for research at the institute has long-maintained biological material including bacteria and viruses are constantly raining down from the skies.

He said: “Mainstream science and institutions have fought against theories which expound these beliefs but now evidence from meteorites, from samples of bacteria from space and from space observation is making resistance more difficult.

“Proving that the Earth is in a constant exchange of matter with the larger cosmos would have implications not only in terms of our identity, but could also give us insight into alien viruses which may be important for our group identity, evolution and survival itself.”

 

Source:  http://www.express.co.uk/news/weird/554074/Alien-seed-sent-Earth-aliens-Scientists-baffled

Scientists: Human activity has pushed Earth beyond four of nine ‘planetary boundaries’

Posted in Climate/Weather, Nature, Science on January 16, 2015 by betweentwopines

 

At the rate things are going, the Earth in the coming decades could cease to be a “safe operating space” for human beings. That is the conclusion of a new paper published Thursday in the journal Science by 18 researchers trying to gauge the breaking points in the natural world.

The paper contends that we have already crossed four “planetary boundaries.” They include the extinction rate; deforestation; the level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere; and the flow of nitrogen and phosphorous (used on land as fertilizer) into the ocean.

“What the science has shown is that human activities — economic growth, technology, consumption – are destabilizing the global environment,” said Will Steffen, who holds appointments at the Australian National University and the Stockholm Resilience Center and is the lead author of the paper.

These are not future problems, but rather urgent matters, according to Steffen, who said that the economic boom since 1950 and the globalized economy have accelerated the transgression of the boundaries. No one knows exactly when push will come to shove, but he said the possible destabilization of the “Earth System” as a whole could occur in a time frame of “decades out to a century.”

The researchers focused on nine separate planetary boundaries first identified by scientists in a 2009 paper. These boundaries set theoretical limits on changes to the environment, and include ozone depletion, freshwater use, ocean acidification, atmospheric aerosol pollution and the introduction of exotic chemicals and modified organisms.

Beyond each planetary boundary is a “zone of uncertainty.” This zone is meant to acknowledge the inherent uncertainties in the calculations, and to offer decision-makers a bit of a buffer, so that they can potentially take action before it’s too late to make a difference. Beyond that zone of uncertainty is the unknown — planetary conditions unfamiliar to us.

“The boundary is not like the edge of the cliff,” said Ray Pierrehumbert, an expert on Earth systems at the University of Chicago. “They’re a little bit more like danger warnings, like high-temperature gauges on your car.”

Johan Rockström, executive director of the Stockholm Resilience Center, discusses “planetary boundaries” and the global challenges they present. (Stockholm Resilience Centre TV via YouTube)

Pierrehumbert, who was not involved in the paper published in Science, added that a planetary boundary “is like an avalanche warning tape on a ski slope.”

The scientists say there is no certainty that catastrophe will follow the transgression of these boundaries. Rather, the scientists cite the precautionary principle: We know that human civilization has risen and flourished in the past 10,000 years — an epoch known as the Holocene — under relatively stable environmental conditions.

No one knows what will happen to civilization if planetary conditions continue to change. But the authors of the Science paper write that the planet “is likely to be much less hospitable to the development of human societies.”

Source:  Scientists: Human activity has pushed Earth beyond four of nine ‘planetary boundaries’

It sounds incredible but the Pillars of Creation don’t exist anymore

Posted in Cosmos, Nature, Warnings on January 10, 2015 by betweentwopines

It sounds incredible but the Pillars of Creation don't exist anymore

This week NASA published new astonishing high definition images of the famous Pillars of Creation—two 4-light-year-tall columns located in the Eagle Nebula, 7,000 light years from here, first photographed in 1995. The only problem is that the pillars don’t exist—they were destroyed more than a thousand years ago.

How can the hell can that be, you are asking? Are they a computer generated fake, then? An artist impression of some sort?

These are natural thoughts. Limited by our understanding of reality and time, we look at objects in space as if they were mountains or the ocean. We genuinely perceive these stellar landscapes as something that is up there fixed, secure, rooted in our reality, the solid foundation of our existence. Some people see the work of gods in all this seemingly immutable show, hence the mythological names of planets, constellations, nebulas, and galaxies. Others just see “a vast cosmic arena,” in which the Earth is just a tiny speck of dust.

But our diminutive perception of time, the same that makes us think we are the center of everything, is just an illusion. At the cosmic scale, just like in our individual lives, things move constantly. The architecture of the cosmos is ever changing and scientists know—since 2007, only a few years after they were observed—that these gargantuan structures don’t exist anymore.

It sounds incredible but the Pillars of Creation don't exist anymore1

They were destroyed, blasted by a supernova that happened 6,000 years ago. With our telescopes, we can see the supernova advancing, unstoppable, destroying everything it touches. From Earth, the shockwave has not reached the Pillars of Creation yet. For our senses, they are still there—intact.

An amazing show is coming

In one thousand years there will be a hell of a show. The shockwave is already arriving to the Pillars of Creation and, just like they were created, they will be destroyed once again, obliterated by the force of a dead star. As Paul Scowen—from the School of Earth and Space Exploration at Arizona State University in Tempe and one of the men who led the original Hubble observations back in 1995—explains:

I’m impressed by how transitory these structures are. They are actively being ablated away before our very eyes. The ghostly bluish haze around the dense edges of the pillars is material getting heated up and evaporating away into space. We have caught these pillars at a very unique and short-lived moment in their evolution.

Rationally, I know why this happens. I know that, since the light has to travel a vast distance, it will arrive after the event has occurred. The further away something happens, the longer it takes to reach our eyes. I know that when we look up to the sky we are looking at the past—seconds, minutes, years, centuries and millennia away. The sky is the most amazing of the time machines.

But that the fact that I understand all this doesn’t matter. Every time I think about it, I experience the same sensation. One of awe and humility. And also of wonderment, thinking that my own existence and the existence of the people around me, the people I loved, the people I love, and the people I will love, can’t be seen yet from the vantage point of those pillars. If there’s a spaceship around those space coordinates using magic telescopes capable of focusing on Earth and seeing details, they would not know of our existence unless they wait around for 7,000 years. For them, right now, we don’t exist yet.

That’s when I realize that we truly stand alone in the middle of this huge storm that is the Universe. And every time I think about that, my friends, that’s when my mind and my heart explode.

It sounds incredible but the Pillars of Creation don't exist anymore

Source:  http://sploid.gizmodo.com/it-sounds-incredible-but-the-pillars-of-creation-dont-e-1677857108