Then in 1993, US Patent US5269482. This one is titled Protective enclosure apparatus for magnetic propulsion space vehicle. Here is the “fuel”: US Patent US6974110: Method and apparatus for converting electrostatic potential energy. And now the motor: US Patent US20030209635 and US20030209637: Electric dipole moment propulsion system and Rotating electrostatic propulsion system. And now for the craft, US20060038081: Electric dipole spacecraft.
Here are some of the diagrams. ”
1. A spacecraft comprised of the following components:
(a) a triangular hull in the form of an equilateral triangle;
(b) two copper plates attached on opposite vertical sides at each of the three corners of the hull (1 a) such that a sharp vertical edge is formed where they come together;
(c) an electrostatic generator used to charge the back two coppercladded corners (1 b) to a high positive voltage, and the third forward coppercladded corner to a high negative voltage;
(d) a horizontal slot antenna array mountedon the sides of the hull; and
(e) a frequency generator, antenna and coaxial cables to drive the antenna array (1 d).
2. To create, by claims (1 a, 1 b, 1 c), an intense vertical line charge at the corners (1 b) and a horizontal electric field that that is parallel to the sides of the hull (1 a);
3. To create, by claims (1 d,1 e), an electromagnetic wave with a vertically polarized electric field traveling outward from the side of the hull (1 a); and
4. To create, by claims (2,3), an interaction of the electrostatic field (2) with the electromagnetic wave (3) such that a combined spacetime curvature pressure is generated on the hull in the upward and forward direction to produce lift and propulsion respectively.
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I don’t know if this is a hijacked google site or not, but some of you mathematicians, take a look at their equations.
This invention is a rotating spacecraft that utilizes four spherical conducting domes perturbing a uniform electric field in order to create a lift force by means of a magnetic moment times the gradient of a magnetic field.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
[0002]
An electric dipole p is two electrical charges of opposite sign [q, −q] separated by a distance a.
p=qa=coulomb·meter
[0003]
If this dipole is moving with a velocity v, it produces a magnetic moment μ. μ = pv = qav = coulomb meter meter sec = coulomb sec meter 2 = IArea
[0004]
The magnetic moment is equal to a current I circulating around an area. The magnetic field B has units of kilogram per second per charge coulomb. B = kg sec coul
[0005]
The gradient of the magnetic field in the vertical direction z has units of dB dz = kg sec coul meter
[0006]
This gradient interacting with a magnetic moment creates a force F measured in newtons. F z = μ dB dz = coul m 2 sec kg sec coul m = kg m sec 2 = newton
[0007]
In terms of vectors, the force is equal to
F=∇(μ·B)
which is the gradient ∇ of the dot product (·) of the magnetic moment with the magnetic field. This means that the magnetic moment has to be aligned with the field. The lift force on the spacecraft would then be the magnetic moment in the vertical zdirection μz times the magnetic field in the zdirection Bz. For constant magnetic moment, the gradient affects the magnetic field only, resulting in the same force equation
F z=∇(μz ·B z)=μz ∇B z
In my sense of awe, I may have gotten some of the patents confused, but it’s still there.
Patents
Publication number  US20060144035 A1 
Publication type  Application 
Application number  US 11/027,969 
Publication date  Jul 6, 2006 
Filing date  Jan 3, 2005 
Priority date  Jan 3, 2005 
Inventors  John St. Clair 
Original Assignee  St Clair John Q 
Export Citation  BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan 
Referenced by (1), Classifications (7)  
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet 
US 20060144035 A1
1. A spacecraft propulsion system comprising the components:
BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

 [0001]
This invention is a spacecraft propulsion system that employs photon particles to generate a field of negative energy in order to produce lift on the hull.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

 [0002]
Referring to FIG. 1, an electromagnetic wave traveling in the zdirection consists of an electric E field vibrating in the xdirection and a magnetic flux density B field vibrating at right angles in the horizontal ydirection. The energystressmomentum of this photon can be analyzed using Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity and the Faraday F tensor. The Faraday tensor is a 4×4 matrix containing the electromagnetic wave components as shown here in general where c is the speed of light F β α = t x y z 0 E x c E y c E z c E x c 0 B z – B y E y c – B z 0 B x E z c B y – B x 0
For this particular photon, this tensor is Fβα=txyz0Exc00Exc00By00000By00

 [0003]
The elemental spacetime length ds squared is equal to sum of the squares of the Cartesian elemental lengths
(ds)^{2}=−(dt)^{2}+(dx)^{2}+(dy)^{2}+(dz)^{2}
The coefficients of this equation, {−1,1,1,1} are the diagonal components of the g metric tensor g αβ = t x y z – 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1
The stressenergymomentum tensor T can then be calculated for the photon using the Faraday tensor and the g metric tensor in the following equation from gravitation physics 4 π T μ v = F μ α F α v – 1 4 g μ v F α β F α β
The stressenergymomentum tensor indicates the curvature of space due to the application of electromagnetic fields, mass, angular momentum and charge. The mass of the Earth, for example, generates a negative curvature of spacetime such that objects fall toward the mass. The T tensor, which is also a 4×4 matrix, contains the momentum or flux terms in the first row and first column. The normal pressure stress is located along the diagonal. The shearing stresses are located off the diagonal. The energy term is in the upper left corner as depicted here, Tμ v=txyzenergyfluxxfluxyfluxzfluxxpressurexshearxyshearxzfluxyshearyxpressureyshearyzfluxzshearzxshearzypressurez

 [0004]
Since B^{2}=E^{2}/c^{2}, the stressenergymomentum tensor for the photon is therefore T v μ = t x y z – E 2 c 2 0 0 + E 2 c 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 – E 2 c 2 0 0 + E 2 c 2
This remarkable result shows that the photon is actually a negative energy particle (top left corner) which is pushed along by a positive pressure wave (lower right corner). The particle has a positive flux (upper right corner) in the zdirection, as well as a balancing negative flux in the lower left corner so that the overall momentum of the universe remains the same. All four components cancel and we see the photon as a massless particle moving at the speed of light.

 [0005]
Thus the key idea behind this invention is that it is possible to cancel out the pressure term and leave a stationary vibrating electromagnetic field of negative energy over the hull of the spacecraft. The importance of negative energy is that it is a prerequisite to generating wormholes between space and hyperspace.

 [0006]
Hyperspace consists of the those codimensions which have different physics constants such as a low speed of light. The existence of hyperspace, which has a white misty look, is not a wellknown scientific concept. Experiments with our magnetic vortex wormhole generators, hyperspace torque generator, full body levitation using Chi Kung breathing, arm levitation by spinning the cogravitational K field, full body teleportation through hyperspace a distance of 100 meters using a pulsed gravitational wave, jumping into hyperspace, having a plate of toast enfold off the breakfast table and disappear into thin air, walking through walls and doors outofdimension, looking into other dimensions, remote viewing through subspace to distances of 100,000 light years, and other electromagnetic experiments carried out by coresearchers, have shown us the reality and existence of hyperspace.

 [0007]
Referring to FIG. 2, the spacecraft consists of an upper (1) and lower (2) hull attached by ceramic insulators to a circular ring (3). The ring provides support and is attached to an outer sharpedged rim which is electrostatically charged to a potential −V. The purpose of the charged rim is to generate a radial electric E field around the vehicle.

 [0008]
Referring to FIG. 3, the radius of the ring (4) is equal to a. The distance from a point on the ring to the zaxis is r. The potential on the zaxis is therefore the charge divided by the distance, pot Z = q a 2 + r 2
This potential is expanded as a series in terms of inverse radius r pot Z out = 35 q a 8 128 r 9 – 5 qa 6 16 r 7 + 2 q a 4 8 r 5 – qa 2 2 r 3 + q r
The potential outside the ring can be written in terms of the Legendre polynomials P Vout = ∑ n = 0 s ( a r ) n + 1 A [ n ] LegendreP [ n , Cos ( θ ) ]
where s is the number of terms in the expansion. By equating the known particular solution potZout on the zaxis with the general Vout solution, the coefficients A[n] are found to be A ( 0 ) = q a A ( 1 ) = 0 A ( 2 ) = – q 2 a A ( 3 ) = 0
which are substituted back into the Vout equation to get the potential outside the ring.

 [0009]
Referring to FIG. 4, the potential (dotted lines 6) looking at a slice through the ring (5) is shown together with the electric E field. The negative gradient of the potential is the electric field (7) shown by the direction of the arrows. The importance of this diagram is that the electric field points in the radial direction toward the negatively charged ring. The force on an electron is the electron charge times the electric field
F=q_{e}E_{r}=−q_{e}(−E_{r})=+F
Because the electron charge is negative and the radial field points in the negative direction toward the ring, the force on the electron is positive. Thus the electron moves away from the ring in the positive radial direction. A 3dimensional plot of the ring (8) and the electric field (9) is shown in FIG. 5.

 [0010]
The stressenergymomentum generated by a radial electric field is calculated using the Faraday F tensor F α β = 0 E r 0 0 E r 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
The g metric tensor has to be given in spherical coordinates {r,θ,φ} g αβ = – 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 r 2 0 0 0 0 r 2 sin ( θ ) 2
where θ is the angle from the vertical to the radius r. The stress tensor T^{rr }along the radial direction is T rr = E r 2 8 π c 2
which shows that the pressure is negative along the radial line equal to the square of the radial electric field divided by the square of the speed of light. Because the field is squared, it doesn’t matter that the electric field points in the negative direction. The square makes it positive, but the overall curvature pressure is negative. Thus this negative pressure cancels out the positive pressure propelling the photon along. The second key idea of the invention is how to generate this photon moving in the radial direction.

 [0011]
It has been known for a long time in physics that an electron moving in a circular path will emit photons in a process known by the German word Bremsstrahlung which is translated as “breaking radiation.” There are several types of radiation such as classical Bremsstrahlung involving a charged particle making a collision with another charged or uncharged particle in which photons are emitted. The quantum mechanical Bremsstrahlung involves the sudden appearance or disappearance of a charged particle which also emits radiation. In space, having a field of wormholes in which the electrons are spiraling down into hyperspace would result in the emission of photons by the quantum mechanical method. Also, in the atmosphere, having collisions with air molecules results in emission of photons in the classical way.

 [0012]
In order to get the electrons to spiral around and emit photons, a crossed electromagnetic field is used as shown by the following equation
F=q(E_{r}+v_{r}×B_{θ})
where the velocity v is in the positive radial direction due to the force of the electric field. The velocity crossed with a magnetic flux density B field in the θdirection makes the electron move sideways back and forth in a wiggling motion.

 [0013]
Referring to FIG. 6, a direct current solenoid (10), represented by multiple current loops, running vertically through the center of the hull, generates a magnetic field that curves around the outside of the hull, as shown by contour lines (12). The north pole (11) is at the bottom of the hull. A radial arrow (13) from the electrostaticallycharged rim is perpendicular to the magnetic field lines. The cross product in the force equation becomes the electron radial velocity times the magnetic field v_{r }B_{θ}.

 [0014]
Referring to FIG. 7, the electric field is in the ydirection and the magnetic field is in the zdirection. The flat looping path in the xdirection is the motion of the electron. The electron, which has a negative charge, starts to move in the direction opposite to that of the electric field. In this particular diagram, the electron acquires a velocity in the negative ydirection. Then a sideways force in the xdirection is produced due to the cross product of the velocity with the magnetic field times the negative charge
−q(−v_{y}×B_{z})=+F_{x}
Depending on the magnitude of the velocity, various size loops can be produced.

 [0015]
In terms of the hull coordinates, because the flat loop is in the plane of the electric field which points in the radial direction, the electron emits light in the radial direction. This condition means that the negative radial pressure created by the electric field cancels the radial pressure of the photon. Thus the photon becomes a stationary vibrating quantum of negative energy. This has the appearance of a luminescent light source. The stress tensor for this condition is therefore T μ v = – E 2 c 2 0 0 E 2 c 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 – E 2 c 2 0 0 0 = – E 2 c 2 residual negative energy

 [0017]
Referring to FIG. 8, the negatively charged rim (14) produces a radial electric field (16) that crosses the magnetic B field (15) of the solenoid. Electrons emitted by the charged rim then encounter this crossed field which makes them spiral (17) around the hull. Because of the tight loop, the electron emits Bremsstahlung radiation in the radial direction (18). The positive pressure field of the photon, which is directed in the radial direction, is canceled by the negative pressure field (19) created by the electric field. Because the photon energy is negative, a stationary vibrating electromagnetic quantum of negative energy (20) surrounds the hull.

 [0018]
This negative energy and the pressure stress created by the electromagnetic fields open up wormholes between space and hyperspace. The potential head is positive from hyperspace into space because the energy of hyperspace is more positive than the negative energy field. The lowdensity hyperspace energy fills the hull and its surrounding space with a white misty hyperspace energy which makes the spacecraft lighter in mass, and therefore lighter in weight within a gravitational field. The actual physics is more complicated still because the electrons find that the resistance of hyperspace is lower than the resistance of space. Thus they spiral down the wormholes which results in a sudden disappearance of charge. The quantum mechanical effect of this is to radiate even more photons which in turn produce even more negative energy.

 [0019]
The lift on the hull is generated by the radial electric field. In cylindrical coordinates, the g metric tensor is g αβ = – 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 r 2 0 0 0 0 1
Using this metric tensor, the pressure stress in the vertical direction T^{zz }is T zz = E 2 8 π c 2
which is a positive curvature over the hull. The mass of Earth produces a negative curvature in which objects fall toward the mass. By counteracting this negative curvature with a more than positive curvature, lift is developed on the spacecraft. Because the negative energy lowers the effective mass of the vehicle, the acceleration is large with a modest electric field. Moreover, in our dimension, the speed of light is 299792458 meters per second. Hyperspace energy has a speed of light equal to one meter per second. Thus the stress is amplified by a factor of A = ( 299792458 m / s 1 m / s ) 2 ≈ 9 · 10 16
Because electromagnetic fields are relativistic, motion in a lowvelocityoflight energy field amplifies their strength.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

 [0020]
It is the object of this invention to create a spacecraft propulsion system that produces wormholes between space and hyperspace using negative energy in order to generate lift on the hull. It was discovered in the Riemannian curvature calculations of gravitation physics that negative energy is required to keep open the throat of the wormhole. From experiments with the magnetic vortex wormhole generator, it is known that the proper combination of electromagnetic fields, together with this negative energy, can create a wormhole through which smoke can be blown into hyperspace.

 [0021]
Referring to FIG. 9, the directions of force, velocity, and electromagnetic fields are referred to in the cylindrical coordinate system {r,θ,z}. An electrostatically charged sharpedged ring in the θdirection around the hull of the spacecraft produces a radial electric field. A vertical solenoid in the zdirection through the center of the hull produces a magnetic field which is perpendicular at the rim to the electric field. With the current in the solenoid flowing in the clockwise (−θ) direction, using the righthand rule, the magnetic field points in the upward zdirection outside the rim. Because the rim is charged to a negative voltage, the electric field points toward the hull in the negative radial (−r) direction. Electrons emitted by the rim travel outward (+v) because the charge on the electron is negative which, together with the negative electric field, produces a positive radial force. The radial force on the electron causes it to acquire a velocity which interacts with the magnetic field. The cross product of the velocity (+v) with the positive (+B) magnetic field produces a sideways force on the electron in the negative θdirection. However, because the charge on the electron is negative, the force is
F=−q{v_{r}0,0}×{0,0,B_{z}}={0,qB_{z}v_{r},0}
which is positive in the θdirection. It is this sideways force that produces a flat spiraling or looping motion whereby the electron emits photons, known in German as Bremsstahlung radiation, in the radial direction. The photon, which is actually a quantum of negative energy, has a positive radial pressure which propels it along. Because the radial electric field produces a negative pressure in the radial direction, the two opposite fields cancel in the radial direction to form a residual stationary vibrating negative energy. Thus the hull becomes surrounded by negative energy which, together with the pressure stresses created by the electric field, generates wormholes between space and hyperspace.

 [0022]
The gravitational potential between hyperspace and space is positive because the hyperspace energy is more positive than the negative energy around the hull. Thus the lowdensity, lowspeedoflight hyperspace energy flows through the wormhole and fills the hull. This has the effect of reducing the effective mass of the hull. Because the electric field generates a positive pressure over the hull in the vertical zdirection, there is an upward force on the vehicle due to the pressure times the hull area. Since the vehicle has a low mass, there is a modest upward acceleration on the spacecraft equal to the force divided by mass.
A BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

 [0023]
FIG. 1. Perspective view of an electromagnetic wave.

 [0024]
FIG. 2. Perspective view of spacecraft.

 [0025]
FIG. 3. Perspective view of charged ring.

 [0026]
FIG. 4. Planar plot of the radial electric field produced by charged ring.

 [0027]
FIG. 5. Perspective view of radial electric field around ring.

 [0028]
FIG. 6. Planar view of magnetic flux density field contour lines.

 [0029]
FIG. 7. Perspective view of electron motion in crossed electric and magnetic fields.

 [0030]
FIG. 8. Perspective view of production of negative energy around hull.

 [0031]
FIG. 9. Perspective view of cylindrical coordinate system {r,θ,z}.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
 [0000]

 1. The hull is made from a single sheet of aluminum which has been stretched to its yield point by hydraulic cylinders. An upper and lower die is CNC machined to the profile of the hull. The soft sheet is then clamped in the die where it takes on the smooth shape of the hull without any wrinkles. The hull is extremely rigid after forming and does not require any structural reinforcements.
 2. A section of the aluminum ring is made in a 3D computer graphics program. The model is stored as a stereolithography file (*.stl). The computer model is then sent via Internet email to the stl server who prints the part in an ultraviolet lightcured polymer. The part is returned the next day by Express Mail. Using a rubber blanket mold to create several ring sections, the entire ring is assembled together in another wooden mold box having thin circular laminatecoated particulate wall boards on either side of the ring. Then a liquid rubber mold is poured on top of the ring and allowed to harden overnight at room temperature. Since the rubber mold is flexible, the ring can be extracted fairly easily. This ring model is then sent to the foundry where it is cast in aluminum using the lost wax process in which a wax mold evaporates out of the sand casting. We are also experimenting with nonmagnetic copper casting metals containing beryllium having good conductivity.
 3. A 11.5 cm plastic pipe is mounted on a rotating fixture driven slowly by a microcontoller, stepper motor, and power electronics board. Using a large diameter insulated wire, such as a 17 AWG with a wire diameter of 0.127 cm, the wire is wound slowly on the pipe and expoxied so that the windings don’t come loose. The solenoid is then mounted vertically in the hull supported by the support ring and driven by a current generator located nearby on the test rig.
 4. The ring is driven by a high voltage electrostatic generator similar to the night vision scope high voltage power supplies. The ring charge is isolated from the hull by ceramic insulators.
Citing Patent  Filing date  Publication date  Applicant  Title 

US20070001541 *  Jun 30, 2005  Jan 4, 2007  Baker Robert M L Jr  Gravitational wave propulsion 