Archive for the Technology Category

TR-3B Patented!, Google releases publication number US 20060145019 A1

Posted in ATS Thread, Conspiracy, Military, Technology on May 17, 2017 by betweentwopines

Post by Violater1 at ATS  –  ” Well apparently, disclosure maybe leaking out of the barrel in drips. However when you Google publication number US 20060145019 A1, you will find a deluge of information. First off, the publication reveals that our space craft have had artificial gravity since 1972, US Patent US3675879. A spacecraft having a triangular hull with vertical electrostatic line charges on each corner that produce a horizontal electric field parallel to the sides of the hull. This field, interacting with a plane wave emitted by antennas on the side of the hull, generates a force per volume combining both lift and propulsion.
Then in 1993, US Patent US5269482. This one is titled Protective enclosure apparatus for magnetic propulsion space vehicle. Here is the “fuel”: US Patent US6974110: Method and apparatus for converting electrostatic potential energy. And now the motor: US Patent US20030209635 and US20030209637: Electric dipole moment propulsion system and Rotating electrostatic propulsion system. And now for the craft, US20060038081: Electric dipole spacecraft.
Here are some of the diagrams. ”

1. A spacecraft comprised of the following components:

(a) a triangular hull in the form of an equilateral triangle;
(b) two copper plates attached on opposite vertical sides at each of the three corners of the hull (1 a) such that a sharp vertical edge is formed where they come together;
(c) an electrostatic generator used to charge the back two copper-cladded corners (1 b) to a high positive voltage, and the third forward copper-cladded corner to a high negative voltage;
(d) a horizontal slot antenna array mounted-on the sides of the hull; and
(e) a frequency generator, antenna and coaxial cables to drive the antenna array (1 d).
2. To create, by claims (1 a, 1 b, 1 c), an intense vertical line charge at the corners (1 b) and a horizontal electric field that that is parallel to the sides of the hull (1 a);
3. To create, by claims (1 d,1 e), an electromagnetic wave with a vertically polarized electric field traveling outward from the side of the hull (1 a); and
4. To create, by claims (2,3), an interaction of the electrostatic field (2) with the electromagnetic wave (3) such that a combined spacetime curvature pressure is generated on the hull in the upward and forward direction to produce lift and propulsion respectively.

www.google.com…
www.google.com…
www.google.com…
www.google.com…
I don’t know if this is a hi-jacked google site or not, but some of you mathematicians, take a look at their equations.
This invention is a rotating spacecraft that utilizes four spherical conducting domes perturbing a uniform electric field in order to create a lift force by means of a magnetic moment times the gradient of a magnetic field.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
[0002]
An electric dipole p is two electrical charges of opposite sign [q, −q] separated by a distance a.
p=qa=coulomb·meter
[0003]
If this dipole is moving with a velocity v, it produces a magnetic moment μ. μ = pv = qav = coulomb ⁢   ⁢ meter ⁢ meter sec = coulomb sec ⁢ meter 2 = IArea
[0004]
The magnetic moment is equal to a current I circulating around an area. The magnetic field B has units of kilogram per second per charge coulomb. B = kg sec ⁢   ⁢ coul
[0005]
The gradient of the magnetic field in the vertical direction z has units of dB dz = kg sec ⁢   ⁢ coul ⁢   ⁢ meter
[0006]
This gradient interacting with a magnetic moment creates a force F measured in newtons. F z = μ ⁢ dB dz = coul ⁢   ⁢ m 2 sec ⁢ kg sec ⁢   ⁢ coul ⁢   ⁢ m = kg ⁢   ⁢ m sec 2 = newton
[0007]
In terms of vectors, the force is equal to
F=∇(μ·B)
which is the gradient ∇ of the dot product (·) of the magnetic moment with the magnetic field. This means that the magnetic moment has to be aligned with the field. The lift force on the spacecraft would then be the magnetic moment in the vertical z-direction μz times the magnetic field in the z-direction Bz. For constant magnetic moment, the gradient affects the magnetic field only, resulting in the same force equation
F z=∇(μz ·B z)=μz ∇B z
In my sense of awe, I may have gotten some of the patents confused, but it’s still there.

———

Patents

Publication number US20060144035 A1
Publication type Application
Application number US 11/027,969
Publication date Jul 6, 2006
Filing date Jan 3, 2005
Priority date Jan 3, 2005
Inventors John St. Clair
Original Assignee St Clair John Q
Export Citation BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Photon spacecraft
US 20060144035 A1
Abstract
A spacecraft propulsion system utilizing photon particles to create negative energy over the hull in order to generate a lift force on the hull.
Images(10)
Next page
Claims(11)

1. A spacecraft propulsion system comprising the components:

an aluminum horizontal circular structural support ring;
an aluminum hull in the shape of a high dome on top and shallow dome on the bottom attached to the circular support ring using ceramic insulators;
an electrostatically negatively-charged sharp-edged circular ring, preferably of non-magnetic aluminum or copper, attached with ceramic insulators to the outside of the support ring;
a solenoid mounted through the center of the hull in the vertical direction and attached to the center of the support ring;
an electrostatic high-voltage generator to drive the outer electrostatic ring; and
a direct high-current generator to drive the solenoid.
2. The method of claim 1, wherein a negative radial electric field is generated around the hull by placing a negative potential on the sharp-edged electrostatic ring using the electrostatic generator.
3. The method of claim 1, wherein the current-driven solenoid generates a vertical magnetic field around the hull with the north pole of the solenoid facing down through the bottom of the hull which causes the magnetic flux density field to point up outside the rim.
4. The method of claim 1, wherein electrons are emitted radially by the sharp edge of the charged ring.
5. The methods of claims 2, 3 and 4, wherein the crossed electromagnetic fields cause the electrons to spiral around in flat loops during which photons are emitted in the radial direction.
6. The methods of claims 2 and 5, wherein the negative radial pressure created by the electric field cancels the positive radial pressure of the photon to leave a residual quantum of negative energy per photon around the hull.
7. The methods of claims 2 and 6, wherein the pressure stress created by the electric field, and the negative energy combine to form wormholes between space and hyperspace.
8. The method of claim 7, wherein low-density hyperspace energy of a higher gravitational potential flows through the wormholes to fill the hull and surrounding space around the hull with the effect of reducing the effective mass of the spacecraft.
9. The method of claim 2, wherein the electric field generates a positive pressure in the vertical direction over the hull which together with the hull surface area, generates an upward lift force on the hull.
10. The method of claim 6, wherein the negative energy, having a low light speed, amplifies the strength of the electromagnetic fields and pressure stress fields.
11. The methods of claims 4 and 7, wherein the electrons spiral down the low resistance wormholes into hyperspace such as to create a sudden disappearance of electrical charge which quantum mechanically causes a large emission of additional photons.
Description

BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

    • [0001]

This invention is a spacecraft propulsion system that employs photon particles to generate a field of negative energy in order to produce lift on the hull.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

    • [0002]

Referring to FIG. 1, an electromagnetic wave traveling in the z-direction consists of an electric E field vibrating in the x-direction and a magnetic flux density B field vibrating at right angles in the horizontal y-direction. The energy-stress-momentum of this photon can be analyzed using Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity and the Faraday F tensor. The Faraday tensor is a 4×4 matrix containing the electromagnetic wave components as shown here in general where c is the speed of light F β α = t x y z ⁢  0 E x c E y c E z c E x c 0 B z – B y E y c – B z 0 B x E z c B y – B x 0 
For this particular photon, this tensor is Fβα=txyz⁢0Exc00Exc00-By00000By00

    • [0003]

The elemental spacetime length ds squared is equal to sum of the squares of the Cartesian elemental lengths
(ds)2=−(dt)2+(dx)2+(dy)2+(dz)2
The coefficients of this equation, {−1,1,1,1} are the diagonal components of the g metric tensor g αβ = t x y z ⁢  – 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 
The stress-energy-momentum tensor T can then be calculated for the photon using the Faraday tensor and the g metric tensor in the following equation from gravitation physics 4 ⁢ π ⁢   ⁢ T μ ⁢   ⁢ v = F μ ⁢   ⁢ α ⁢ F α v – 1 4 ⁢ g μ ⁢   ⁢ v ⁢ F α ⁢   ⁢ β ⁢ F α ⁢   ⁢ β
The stress-energy-momentum tensor indicates the curvature of space due to the application of electromagnetic fields, mass, angular momentum and charge. The mass of the Earth, for example, generates a negative curvature of spacetime such that objects fall toward the mass. The T tensor, which is also a 4×4 matrix, contains the momentum or flux terms in the first row and first column. The normal pressure stress is located along the diagonal. The shearing stresses are located off the diagonal. The energy term is in the upper left corner as depicted here, Tμ⁢ ⁢v=txyz⁢energyfluxxfluxyfluxz-fluxxpressurexshearxyshearxz-fluxyshearyxpressureyshearyz-fluxzshearzxshearzypressurez

    • [0004]

Since B2=E2/c2, the stress-energy-momentum tensor for the photon is therefore T v μ = t x y z ⁢  – E 2 c 2 0 0 + E 2 c 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 – E 2 c 2 0 0 + E 2 c 2 
This remarkable result shows that the photon is actually a negative energy particle (top left corner) which is pushed along by a positive pressure wave (lower right corner). The particle has a positive flux (upper right corner) in the z-direction, as well as a balancing negative flux in the lower left corner so that the overall momentum of the universe remains the same. All four components cancel and we see the photon as a massless particle moving at the speed of light.

    • [0005]

Thus the key idea behind this invention is that it is possible to cancel out the pressure term and leave a stationary vibrating electromagnetic field of negative energy over the hull of the spacecraft. The importance of negative energy is that it is a prerequisite to generating wormholes between space and hyperspace.

    • [0006]

Hyperspace consists of the those co-dimensions which have different physics constants such as a low speed of light. The existence of hyperspace, which has a white misty look, is not a well-known scientific concept. Experiments with our magnetic vortex wormhole generators, hyperspace torque generator, full body levitation using Chi Kung breathing, arm levitation by spinning the co-gravitational K field, full body teleportation through hyperspace a distance of 100 meters using a pulsed gravitational wave, jumping into hyperspace, having a plate of toast enfold off the breakfast table and disappear into thin air, walking through walls and doors out-of-dimension, looking into other dimensions, remote viewing through subspace to distances of 100,000 light years, and other electromagnetic experiments carried out by co-researchers, have shown us the reality and existence of hyperspace.

    • [0007]

Referring to FIG. 2, the spacecraft consists of an upper (1) and lower (2) hull attached by ceramic insulators to a circular ring (3). The ring provides support and is attached to an outer sharp-edged rim which is electrostatically charged to a potential −V. The purpose of the charged rim is to generate a radial electric E field around the vehicle.

    • [0008]

Referring to FIG. 3, the radius of the ring (4) is equal to a. The distance from a point on the ring to the z-axis is r. The potential on the z-axis is therefore the charge divided by the distance, pot ⁢   ⁢ Z = q a 2 + r 2
This potential is expanded as a series in terms of inverse radius r pot ⁢   ⁢ Z ⁢   ⁢ out = 35 ⁢ q ⁢   ⁢ a 8 128 ⁢ r 9 – 5 ⁢ qa 6 16 ⁢ r 7 + 2 ⁢ q ⁢   ⁢ a 4 8 ⁢ r 5 – qa 2 2 ⁢ r 3 + q r
The potential outside the ring can be written in terms of the Legendre polynomials P Vout = ∑ n = 0 s ⁢ ( a r ) n + 1 ⁢ A ⁡ [ n ] ⁢ LegendreP ⁡ [ n , Cos ⁡ ( θ ) ]
where s is the number of terms in the expansion. By equating the known particular solution potZout on the z-axis with the general Vout solution, the coefficients A[n] are found to be A ⁡ ( 0 ) = q a A ⁡ ( 1 ) = 0 A ⁡ ( 2 ) = – q 2 ⁢ a A ⁡ ( 3 ) = 0
which are substituted back into the Vout equation to get the potential outside the ring.

    • [0009]

Referring to FIG. 4, the potential (dotted lines 6) looking at a slice through the ring (5) is shown together with the electric E field. The negative gradient of the potential is the electric field (7) shown by the direction of the arrows. The importance of this diagram is that the electric field points in the radial direction toward the negatively charged ring. The force on an electron is the electron charge times the electric field
F=qeEr=−|qe|(−|Er|)=+F
Because the electron charge is negative and the radial field points in the negative direction toward the ring, the force on the electron is positive. Thus the electron moves away from the ring in the positive radial direction. A 3-dimensional plot of the ring (8) and the electric field (9) is shown in FIG. 5.

    • [0010]

The stress-energy-momentum generated by a radial electric field is calculated using the Faraday F tensor F α β =  0 E r 0 0 E r 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 
The g metric tensor has to be given in spherical coordinates {r,θ,φ} g αβ =  – 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 r 2 0 0 0 0 r 2 ⁢ sin ⁢   ⁢ ( θ ) 2 
where θ is the angle from the vertical to the radius r. The stress tensor Trr along the radial direction is T rr = E r 2 8 ⁢ π ⁢   ⁢ c 2
which shows that the pressure is negative along the radial line equal to the square of the radial electric field divided by the square of the speed of light. Because the field is squared, it doesn’t matter that the electric field points in the negative direction. The square makes it positive, but the overall curvature pressure is negative. Thus this negative pressure cancels out the positive pressure propelling the photon along. The second key idea of the invention is how to generate this photon moving in the radial direction.

    • [0011]

It has been known for a long time in physics that an electron moving in a circular path will emit photons in a process known by the German word Bremsstrahlung which is translated as “breaking radiation.” There are several types of radiation such as classical Bremsstrahlung involving a charged particle making a collision with another charged or uncharged particle in which photons are emitted. The quantum mechanical Bremsstrahlung involves the sudden appearance or disappearance of a charged particle which also emits radiation. In space, having a field of wormholes in which the electrons are spiraling down into hyperspace would result in the emission of photons by the quantum mechanical method. Also, in the atmosphere, having collisions with air molecules results in emission of photons in the classical way.

    • [0012]

In order to get the electrons to spiral around and emit photons, a crossed electromagnetic field is used as shown by the following equation
F=q(Er+vr×Bθ)
where the velocity v is in the positive radial direction due to the force of the electric field. The velocity crossed with a magnetic flux density B field in the θ-direction makes the electron move sideways back and forth in a wiggling motion.

    • [0013]

Referring to FIG. 6, a direct current solenoid (10), represented by multiple current loops, running vertically through the center of the hull, generates a magnetic field that curves around the outside of the hull, as shown by contour lines (12). The north pole (11) is at the bottom of the hull. A radial arrow (13) from the electrostatically-charged rim is perpendicular to the magnetic field lines. The cross product in the force equation becomes the electron radial velocity times the magnetic field vr Bθ.

    • [0014]

Referring to FIG. 7, the electric field is in the y-direction and the magnetic field is in the z-direction. The flat looping path in the x-direction is the motion of the electron. The electron, which has a negative charge, starts to move in the direction opposite to that of the electric field. In this particular diagram, the electron acquires a velocity in the negative y-direction. Then a sideways force in the x-direction is produced due to the cross product of the velocity with the magnetic field times the negative charge
q(−vy×Bz)=+Fx
Depending on the magnitude of the velocity, various size loops can be produced.

    • [0015]

In terms of the hull coordinates, because the flat loop is in the plane of the electric field which points in the radial direction, the electron emits light in the radial direction. This condition means that the negative radial pressure created by the electric field cancels the radial pressure of the photon. Thus the photon becomes a stationary vibrating quantum of negative energy. This has the appearance of a luminescent light source. The stress tensor for this condition is therefore T μ v =  – E 2 c 2 0 0 E 2 c 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 – E 2 c 2 0 0 0  = – E 2 c 2 ⁢ residual ⁢   ⁢ negative ⁢   ⁢ energy

        • residual negative energy
          which leaves a residual negative energy per photon.
    • [0017]

Referring to FIG. 8, the negatively charged rim (14) produces a radial electric field (16) that crosses the magnetic B field (15) of the solenoid. Electrons emitted by the charged rim then encounter this crossed field which makes them spiral (17) around the hull. Because of the tight loop, the electron emits Bremsstahlung radiation in the radial direction (18). The positive pressure field of the photon, which is directed in the radial direction, is canceled by the negative pressure field (19) created by the electric field. Because the photon energy is negative, a stationary vibrating electromagnetic quantum of negative energy (20) surrounds the hull.

    • [0018]

This negative energy and the pressure stress created by the electromagnetic fields open up wormholes between space and hyperspace. The potential head is positive from hyperspace into space because the energy of hyperspace is more positive than the negative energy field. The low-density hyperspace energy fills the hull and its surrounding space with a white misty hyperspace energy which makes the spacecraft lighter in mass, and therefore lighter in weight within a gravitational field. The actual physics is more complicated still because the electrons find that the resistance of hyperspace is lower than the resistance of space. Thus they spiral down the wormholes which results in a sudden disappearance of charge. The quantum mechanical effect of this is to radiate even more photons which in turn produce even more negative energy.

    • [0019]

The lift on the hull is generated by the radial electric field. In cylindrical coordinates, the g metric tensor is g αβ =  – 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 r 2 0 0 0 0 1 
Using this metric tensor, the pressure stress in the vertical direction Tzz is T zz = E 2 8 ⁢ π ⁢   ⁢ c 2
which is a positive curvature over the hull. The mass of Earth produces a negative curvature in which objects fall toward the mass. By counteracting this negative curvature with a more than positive curvature, lift is developed on the spacecraft. Because the negative energy lowers the effective mass of the vehicle, the acceleration is large with a modest electric field. Moreover, in our dimension, the speed of light is 299792458 meters per second. Hyperspace energy has a speed of light equal to one meter per second. Thus the stress is amplified by a factor of A = ( 299792458 ⁢   ⁢ m / s 1 ⁢   ⁢ m / s ) 2 ≈ 9 · 10 16
Because electromagnetic fields are relativistic, motion in a low-velocity-of-light energy field amplifies their strength.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

    • [0020]

It is the object of this invention to create a spacecraft propulsion system that produces wormholes between space and hyperspace using negative energy in order to generate lift on the hull. It was discovered in the Riemannian curvature calculations of gravitation physics that negative energy is required to keep open the throat of the wormhole. From experiments with the magnetic vortex wormhole generator, it is known that the proper combination of electromagnetic fields, together with this negative energy, can create a wormhole through which smoke can be blown into hyperspace.

    • [0021]

Referring to FIG. 9, the directions of force, velocity, and electromagnetic fields are referred to in the cylindrical coordinate system {r,θ,z}. An electrostatically charged sharp-edged ring in the θ-direction around the hull of the spacecraft produces a radial electric field. A vertical solenoid in the z-direction through the center of the hull produces a magnetic field which is perpendicular at the rim to the electric field. With the current in the solenoid flowing in the clockwise (−θ) direction, using the right-hand rule, the magnetic field points in the upward z-direction outside the rim. Because the rim is charged to a negative voltage, the electric field points toward the hull in the negative radial (−r) direction. Electrons emitted by the rim travel outward (+v) because the charge on the electron is negative which, together with the negative electric field, produces a positive radial force. The radial force on the electron causes it to acquire a velocity which interacts with the magnetic field. The cross product of the velocity (+v) with the positive (+B) magnetic field produces a sideways force on the electron in the negative θ-direction. However, because the charge on the electron is negative, the force is
F=−q{vr0,0}×{0,0,Bz}={0,qBzvr,0}
which is positive in the θ-direction. It is this sideways force that produces a flat spiraling or looping motion whereby the electron emits photons, known in German as Bremsstahlung radiation, in the radial direction. The photon, which is actually a quantum of negative energy, has a positive radial pressure which propels it along. Because the radial electric field produces a negative pressure in the radial direction, the two opposite fields cancel in the radial direction to form a residual stationary vibrating negative energy. Thus the hull becomes surrounded by negative energy which, together with the pressure stresses created by the electric field, generates wormholes between space and hyperspace.

    • [0022]

The gravitational potential between hyperspace and space is positive because the hyperspace energy is more positive than the negative energy around the hull. Thus the low-density, low-speed-of-light hyperspace energy flows through the wormhole and fills the hull. This has the effect of reducing the effective mass of the hull. Because the electric field generates a positive pressure over the hull in the vertical z-direction, there is an upward force on the vehicle due to the pressure times the hull area. Since the vehicle has a low mass, there is a modest upward acceleration on the spacecraft equal to the force divided by mass.

A BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

    • [0023]

FIG. 1. Perspective view of an electromagnetic wave.

    • [0024]

FIG. 2. Perspective view of spacecraft.

    • [0025]

FIG. 3. Perspective view of charged ring.

    • [0026]

FIG. 4. Planar plot of the radial electric field produced by charged ring.

    • [0027]

FIG. 5. Perspective view of radial electric field around ring.

    • [0028]

FIG. 6. Planar view of magnetic flux density field contour lines.

    • [0029]

FIG. 7. Perspective view of electron motion in crossed electric and magnetic fields.

    • [0030]

FIG. 8. Perspective view of production of negative energy around hull.

    • [0031]

FIG. 9. Perspective view of cylindrical coordinate system {r,θ,z}.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

  • [0000]
    • 1. The hull is made from a single sheet of aluminum which has been stretched to its yield point by hydraulic cylinders. An upper and lower die is CNC machined to the profile of the hull. The soft sheet is then clamped in the die where it takes on the smooth shape of the hull without any wrinkles. The hull is extremely rigid after forming and does not require any structural reinforcements.
    • 2. A section of the aluminum ring is made in a 3D computer graphics program. The model is stored as a stereolithography file (*.stl). The computer model is then sent via Internet e-mail to the stl server who prints the part in an ultraviolet light-cured polymer. The part is returned the next day by Express Mail. Using a rubber blanket mold to create several ring sections, the entire ring is assembled together in another wooden mold box having thin circular laminate-coated particulate wall boards on either side of the ring. Then a liquid rubber mold is poured on top of the ring and allowed to harden overnight at room temperature. Since the rubber mold is flexible, the ring can be extracted fairly easily. This ring model is then sent to the foundry where it is cast in aluminum using the lost wax process in which a wax mold evaporates out of the sand casting. We are also experimenting with non-magnetic copper casting metals containing beryllium having good conductivity.
    • 3. A 11.5 cm plastic pipe is mounted on a rotating fixture driven slowly by a microcontoller, stepper motor, and power electronics board. Using a large diameter insulated wire, such as a 17 AWG with a wire diameter of 0.127 cm, the wire is wound slowly on the pipe and expoxied so that the windings don’t come loose. The solenoid is then mounted vertically in the hull supported by the support ring and driven by a current generator located nearby on the test rig.
    • 4. The ring is driven by a high voltage electrostatic generator similar to the night vision scope high voltage power supplies. The ring charge is isolated from the hull by ceramic insulators.
Referenced by
Citing Patent Filing date Publication date Applicant Title
US20070001541 * Jun 30, 2005 Jan 4, 2007 Baker Robert M L Jr Gravitational wave propulsion
Classifications
U.S. Classification 60/203.1, 60/204
International Classification F03H1/00
Cooperative Classification B64G1/409, F03H99/00
European Classification B64G1/40Z, F03H99/00

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Study reveals substantial evidence of holographic universe

Posted in Cosmos, Science, Technology on January 30, 2017 by betweentwopines

A sketch of the timeline of the holographic Universe. Time runs from left to right. The far left denotes the holographic phase and the image is blurry because space and time are not yet well defined. At the end of this phase (denoted by the …more

A UK, Canadian and Italian study has provided what researchers believe is the first observational evidence that our universe could be a vast and complex hologram.

Theoretical physicists and astrophysicists, investigating irregularities in the (the ‘afterglow’ of the Big Bang), have found there is substantial evidence supporting a holographic explanation of the —in fact, as much as there is for the traditional explanation of these irregularities using the theory of cosmic inflation.

The researchers, from the University of Southampton (UK), University of Waterloo (Canada), Perimeter Institute (Canada), INFN, Lecce (Italy) and the University of Salento (Italy), have published findings in the journal Physical Review Letters.

A , an idea first suggested in the 1990s, is one where all the information that makes up our 3-D ‘reality’ (plus time) is contained in a 2-D surface on its boundaries.

Professor Kostas Skenderis of Mathematical Sciences at the University of Southampton explains: “Imagine that everything you see, feel and hear in three dimensions (and your perception of time) in fact emanates from a flat two-dimensional field. The idea is similar to that of ordinary holograms where a three-dimensional image is encoded in a two-dimensional surface, such as in the hologram on a credit card. However, this time, the entire universe is encoded.”

Although not an example with holographic properties, it could be thought of as rather like watching a 3-D film in a cinema. We see the pictures as having height, width and crucially, depth—when in fact it all originates from a flat 2-D screen. The difference, in our 3-D universe, is that we can touch objects and the ‘projection’ is ‘real’ from our perspective.

In recent decades, advances in telescopes and sensing equipment have allowed scientists to detect a vast amount of data hidden in the ‘white noise’ or microwaves (partly responsible for the random black and white dots you see on an un-tuned TV) left over from the moment the universe was created. Using this information, the team were able to make complex comparisons between networks of features in the data and . They found that some of the simplest quantum field theories could explain nearly all cosmological observations of the early universe.

Professor Skenderis comments: “Holography is a huge leap forward in the way we think about the structure and creation of the universe. Einstein’s theory of general relativity explains almost everything large scale in the universe very well, but starts to unravel when examining its origins and mechanisms at quantum level. Scientists have been working for decades to combine Einstein’s theory of gravity and quantum theory. Some believe the concept of a holographic universe has the potential to reconcile the two. I hope our research takes us another step towards this.”

The scientists now hope their study will open the door to further our understanding of the and explain how space and time emerged.

Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2017-01-reveals-substantial-evidence-holographic-universe.html#jCp

DNA Dethroned – Inheritance is Protein-Based.

Posted in ATS Thread, Health, Medicine, Science, Technology on October 7, 2016 by betweentwopines

A post by soficrow at ATS.
Time to re-write those biology textbooks. Inheritance is protein-based – it’s epigenetic, not genetic.

Long story short, it’s NOT our DNA and genes that determine our traits and biological destiny – it’s proteins. Specifically, prions, aka “intrinsically disordered proteins” that can “pass heritable traits from cell to cell by their structure instead of by DNA.” These prions -and the traits they confer- can be inherited;
in humans, some are conserved over hundreds of millions of years.

Revising the meaning of ‘prion’

…When the team examined the human cognates of the prion-proteins, the intrinsically disordered domains were conserved over hundreds of millions of years.

Intrinsically disordered proteins drive emergence and inheritance of biological traits

Prions (of Mad Cow disease fame) – and their role in evolution – have intrigued me for over a decade. Finally, the scientific proofs are rolling in.

Prions are all about rapid response to environmental change, and biological-evolutionary flexibility. Proteins can change their shape when they encounter new environmental conditions (external or internal) – when they do, they change their function, and can become infectious prions. Some prions cause disease; some (most?) are beneficial.

We all have inherited prion-based traits and memories of our ancestors’ responses to environmental changes – some dating back hundreds of millions of years. Our individual exposures can trigger a truly ancient memory-response – or one first developed by our great grandmother.

Cool, huh?

In summary:
* Inherited traits are passed on by prions – with some dating back hundreds of millions of years.

As well:
* Conscious memories are ‘stored’ in prions;
* Prions are airborne; and
* Transmitted human-to-human.

Does this information affect your understanding of life? Reincarnation and karma? What else?

(c) Lanie Patrick 9/6/16

ON ATS:

2011: Mad Cow Disease Agent Can Infect Via the Air

2012: Prion Proteins Play Powerful Role in Survival, Evolution

2014: Prion-Like Protein Controls Long-term Memories

2015: Mad Cow-Like Prion Disease – Human-to-Human Transmission

And then there’s this:

2014: DARPA Funds Project to See How Meds Trigger Prion Diseases

NOTE: Big Pharma has been tinkering with proteins since 1950 when Linus Pauling identified the actin protein’s “a” and “b” shapes. But the pharmaceutical industry’s scientific results and knowledge are protected as “Intellectual Property” by “Confidentiality Agreements.” Including their ‘mistakes.’ [I wonder how many disease-causing prions they’ve ‘accidentally’ created and distributed over the past six and a half decades. (Think side-effects.)] Now though, the dam is breaking.

Now, the information is getting out into the public domain. Which is only fair considering we the public have been funding the research with our tax dollars and donations all the way along.

The Higgs Boson aka “The God Particle”, and The Problem of Unnatural Fine Tuning

Posted in ATS Thread, Computer, Conspiracy, Cosmos, Science, Technology, Warnings on September 5, 2016 by betweentwopines

A Post by AnkhMorpork at ATS.
The Higgs Boson: A Natural Disaster!

 

So, in a nutshell, the standard model of physics was rendered complete with the detection of the Higgs Boson particle.

However, problem. It’s mass was not what the standard model predicted, but was “fine-tuned” by trillions (quadrillions) of degrees or what I’ve seen other physicists refer to as “reductions”, the result for which appears to be entirely unnatural.

Solutions:

1) Supersymmetry – or anti-particles or sparticles for every particle. Problem. Not detected. Also, such supersymmetry could also mean that the universe should not be but would have self-annihilated the moment it was “born” with particle and sypersymmetrical anti-particle annhiliating each other. The LHC will be continuing to look for this, and an even larger collider may be built to test for it, but this solution isn’t looking promising.

2) Compositeness – the Higgs isn’t a fundamental particle, but a composite of still more fundamental particles that somehow self-adjust in their relationship to one another resulting in the appearance of unnatural fine tuning. Problem, nothing else and no other particles are coming out of the LHC and a larger collider might not produce them either.

3) Multi-Worlds, Multi-Verse Theory, with Strong Anthropic Principal. Problem – end of science, whereby all subjectivity and analysis is rendered moot as an unfathomable “coincidence” whereby we just so happen to be measuring in the one universe of an infinite possible array wherein the Higgs Boson only appears to have been unnaturally fine-tuned by quadrillions of reductions. In other words, it just is what it is mon (ire), and well, if it were any other way, then we would not be here to ask the question. Wut?! Huh?! Yea, the end of science, with no more particles forthcoming because there aren’t any more.

4) String Theory. Problem – same as multi-worlds/multiverse. String theory seems to describe every other universe but our own and does not appear to be subject to testing and verification by any empirical means so it will forever remain a theory. It also involves a direct appeal to the multiverse hypothesis with strong anthropic principal to try to explain the fine-tuning problem.

5) God did it, by super-intelligent design and with intent (by anticipation).

One way of looking at number five, if you’re uncomfortable with the idea of a creator God, would be to take on the idea of a field of infinite knowledge via accumulated information arising in eternity, like a Godhead of absolute formless potential (uncreated), whereby, beginning with the end in mind, having considered every possible outcome, and taking on the role of creator “you” measure twice and cut once since you could end up probing the impossible forever without arriving at what is now actualized. In other words you can’t get from there to here, except by anticipation. This mind-of-God explanation is in alignment with the work of physicists such as Bernard Haisch and Erwin Laszlo whereby Haisch employes the idea of the Godhead using the allegory of a filtered white light that, in order to differentiate itself and to make this life possible, including our own place in it, it must intelligently limit or reduce itself many many times, not unlike the fine-tuning of the Higgs, and limit or filter it’s infinite, absolute, formless potential. He then suggests that there’s no need to draw the distinction between God and Godhead of which we ourselves are not unlike a chip off the OLD block, by anticipation and with intent, presumably in order so that a shared and varied experience would be possible.

Problem. This would have to include not only the quantum realm, but also the precise organization of the material universe to bring about our present circumstance and thus the entire cosmic framework all the way to our own earth-moon-sun configuration (not as a mere chance or random occurrence).

The implications of unnatural fine-tuning, if Supersymmetry and Compositeness and the Multiverse (with Strong Anthropic Principal) must be discarded in favor of a new paradigm of some sort of intelligent creative X factor, cannot be underestimated, since they point to a whole new basis of our understanding of our place in the grand scheme of things, even as children of a loving and very generous God who it pleased to share his eternal kingdom of light, life and love.. “therefore fear not little ones nor let your hearts be troubled, for it pleased the father to share his kingdom”.

Can these ancient understandings and basis of reason and logic move from the realm of “religion” into the logical assertions of the empirical evidence of modern science at the very cutting edge, even to the very point of almost cutting off it’s own nose to spite it’s face amid the end of any reasonable inquiry into who and why the universe is the way it is?

Is this (Higg’s Boson unnatural fine-tuning) the end of scientific inquiry into the underlying nature of the material world, or will the new paradigm of an infinitely intelligent cosmological unity or self-aware universe that has included us on purpose, prevail, no matter what are it’s implications?

By avoiding the implication of a type of God Theory, would science be willing to shoot itself in the foot? I don’t think so. I have more faith in human curiosity and imagination than that. We go where the evidence leads us, no matter what are the implications..

Many of you will differ here of course, also to avoid the implication of the unnatural fine tuning of the Higgs Boson aka (ironically) “the God particle”, but it (a God Theory) is the most reasonable position to take in the face of the alternative multiverse, strong anthropic principal “hypothesis” which goes nowhere fast and leaves us in a state of perpetual uncertainty about the nature of reality.

“To be is to be perceived”
~ an adage of modern Quantum physics. (I just hope we get some privacy when we’re in the shower!).

Brilliant Disguise: Light, Matter and the Zero-Point Field, by Physicist Bernard Haisch

Bernard Haisch is an astrophysicist whose professional positions include Staff Scientist at the Lockheed Martin Solar and Astrophysics Laboratory, Deputy Director for the Center for Extreme Ultraviolet Astrophysics at the University of California, Berkeley, and Visiting Fellow at the Max-Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics in Garching, Germany. His work has led to close involvement with NASA; he is the author of over 130 scientific papers; and was the Scientific Editor of the Astrophysical Journal for nine years, as well as the editor in chief of the Journal of Scientific Exploration.

The God Theory

Quoting Bernard Haisch from “The God Theory”

If you think of white light as a metaphor of infinite, formless potential, the colors on a slide or frame of film become a structured reality grounded in the polarity that comes about through intelligent subtraction from that absolute formless potential. It results from the limitation of the unlimited. I contend that this metaphor provides a comprehensible theory for the creation of a manifest reality (our universe) from the selective limitation of infinite potential (God)…

If there exists an absolute realm that consists of infinite potential out of which a created realm of polarity emerges, is there any sensible reason not to call this “God”? Or to put it frankly, if the absolute is not God, what is it? For our purposes here, I will indentify the Absolute with God. More precisely I will call the Absolute the Godhead. Applying this new terminology to the optics analogy, we can conclude that our physical universe comes about when the Godhead selectively limits itself, taking on the role of Creator and manifesting a realm of space and time and, within that realm, filtering out some of its own infinite potential…

Viewed this way, the process of creation is the exact opposite of making something out of nothing. It is, on the contrary, a filtering process that makes something out of everything. Creation is not capricious or random addition; it is intelligent and selective subtraction. The implications of this are profound.

If the Absolute is the Godhead, and if creation is the process by which the Godhead filters out parts of its own infinite potential to manifest a physical reality that supports experience, then the stuff that is left over, the residue of this process, is our physical universe, and ourselves included. We are nothing less than a part of that Godhead – quite literally.

Ervin Laszlo

Ervin Laszlo is considered one of the foremost thinkers and scientists of our age, perhaps the greatest mind since Einstein. His principal focus of research involves the Zero Point Field. He is the author of around seventy five books (his works having been translated into at least seventeen languages), and he has contributed to over 400 papers. Widely considered the father of systems philosophy and general evolution theory, he has worked as an advisor to the Director-General of the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization. He was also nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize in both 2004 and 2005. A multidisciplinarian, Laszlo has straddled numerous fields, having worked at universities as a professor of philosophy, music, futures studies, systems science, peace studies, and evolutitnary studies. He was a sucessful concert pianist until he was thirty eight.

In Laszlo’s view, the zero-point field (or the Akashic Field, as he calls it) is quite literally the “mind of God”.

Naming Hal Puthoff, Roger Penrose, Fritz-Albert Popp, and a handful of others as “front line investigators”, Laszlo quotes Puthoff who says of the new scientific paradigm:

[What] would emerge would be an increased understanding that all of us are immersed, both as living and physical beings, in an overall interpenetrating and interdependant field in ecological balance with the cosmos as a whole, and that even the boundary lines between the physical and “metaphysical” would dissolve into a unitary viewpoint of the universe as a fluid, changing, energetic/informational cosmological unity.”

An excert from Science and the Akashic Field, an Integral Theory of Everything

Akasha (a . ka . sha) is a Sanskrit word meaning “ether”: all-pervasive space. Originally signifying “radiation” or “brilliance”, in Indian philosophy akasha was considered the first and most fundamental of the five elements – the others being vata (air), agni (fire), ap (water), and prithivi (earth). Akasha embraces the properties of all five elements: it is the womb from which everything we percieve with our senses has emerged and into which everything will ultimately re-descend. The Akashic Record (also called The Akashic Chronicle) is the enduring record of all that happens, and has ever happened, in space and time.”

Science and the Akashic Field, an Integral Theory of Everything, 2004

www.amazon.com…=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1249275852&sr=8-1

Science and the Reenchantment of the Cosmos: The Rise of the Integral Vision of Reality

www.amazon.com…=sr_1_6?ie=UTF8&qid=1249275852&sr=8-6

Maybe at the end of science there’s a joke at the expense of both science and religion that just keeps on getting better the more we come to grips with it and to better understand it’s implications.

Wouldn’t that be funny.. and interesting..?!

NASA scientist Dr. Norman Bergrun claims there are giant biological crafts in Saturn´s rings

Posted in Alien, ATS Thread, Conspiracy, Cosmos, Technology, Warnings on August 27, 2016 by betweentwopines

A post by Spacespider at ATS.
This just out.. one of NASA´s own guys is out and spreading the word there are giant living things in Saturn rings and they are “mating” and multiplying.
And the situation is critical. He also say they live in other ring planets like: Jupiter and Uranus.

This guy have said somehing like this before but the news should be that now he say they are “proliferating” at a critical rate.. or in other words multiplying.. are they mating ?

en.yibada.com…

This isn’t the first time that the scientist has made such claims, but he warns that the situation is “critical” with living alien spaceships in our solar system “proliferating” faster than ever.

Dr. Norman have allready made himself known in 1986 by adressing the same topic in he´s book “Ring makers of Saturn.
But I guess now the situration is “critical” and he is taking up the subject again.

Here is a old presentation regarding the “ring makers of Saturn”

CERN releases 300TB of Large Hadron Collider data into open access

Posted in Cosmos, Science, Technology on April 24, 2016 by betweentwopines

Cancel your plans for this weekend! CERN just dropped 300 terabytes of hot collider data on the world and you know you want to take a look.

Kati Lassila-Perini, a physicist who works on the Compact Muon Solenoid (!) detector, gave a refreshingly straightforward explanation for this huge release.

“Once we’ve exhausted our exploration of the data, we see no reason not to make them available publicly,” she said in a news release accompanying the data. “The benefits are numerous, from inspiring high school students to the training of the particle physicists of tomorrow. And personally, as CMS’s data preservation coordinator, this is a crucial part of ensuring the long-term availability of our research data.”

Amazing that this perspective is not more widely held — though I suspect it is, by the scientists at least, if not the publishers and department heads who must think of the bottom line.

The data itself is from 2011, much of it from protons colliding at 7 TeV (teraelectronvolts, you know) and producing those wonderful fountains of rare particles we all love to fail to understand. All told, it’s about half the total data collected by the CMS detector, and makes up about 2.5 inverse femtobarns. But who’s counting?

cmsgiffyThere’s both the raw data from the detectors (so you can verify the results) and also “derived” datasets that are more easy to work with — and don’t worry, CERN is providing the tools to do so, as well. There’s a whole CERN Linux environment ready for booting up in a virtual machine, and a bunch of scripts and apps (some are on GitHub, too).

Just messing around in the same computing environment used by researchers plumbing the depths of the universe would be an interesting way to spend a few labs in a college physics course. There are even “masterclasses,” data sets and tools specially curated for high school kids.

This is only the latest of several data dumps, but it’s also by far the largest. A more detailed explanation of the types of data and how they can be accessed is right here.

Source :  http://techcrunch.com/2016/04/22/cern-releases-300tb-of-large-hadron-collider-data-into-open-access/

http://opendata.cern.ch/about/CMS

‘Compact & durable’: Scientists encode, retrieve 10,000 gigabytes stored on DNA molecules

Posted in Science, Technology on April 9, 2016 by betweentwopines

 

© National Human Genome Research Institute
Researchers at the University of Washington and Microsoft are developing one of the first complete storage systems to house digital data in DNA. The news comes as the digital universe is expected to hit 44 trillion gigabytes by 2020.

“Life has produced this fantastic molecule called DNA that efficiently stores all kinds of information about your genes and how a living system works. It’s very, very compact and very durable,”said co-author Luis Ceze, UW associate professor of computer science and engineering, in a press release.

We’re essentially repurposing it to store digital data, pictures, videos, documents, in a manageable way for hundreds or thousands of years.”

The team of bioengineers and computer science and electronic engineers were able to encode data from four image files into the nucleotide sequences of synthetic DNA snippets. This was achieved by converting the long strings of 1’s and 0’s in digital data into the four building blocks of the DNA sequence – adenine, guanine, cytosine and tymine. The synthesized DNA molecules were then dehydrated for long-term storage.

Miraculously, researchers then reversed the process by retrieving the correct sequence from a large pool of DNA and reconstructing the images without losing a single byte of information, according to the University of Washington.

To make it easier to find the images they had encoded, researchers put the equivalent of zip codes and street addresses into the DNA sequence to facilitate easier retrieval. Researchers also used Huffman coding for lossless data compression, according to Techworm.

Encoding a stream of binary data as a stream of
nucleotides. A Huffman code translates binary to ternary
digits, and a rotating encoding translates ternary digits to
nucleotides. © washington.edu

“How you go from ones and zeroes to As, Gs, Cs and Ts really matters because if you use a smart approach, you can make it very dense and you don’t get a lot of errors,” said co-author Georg Seelig, a UW associate professor of electrical engineering and computer science, said in the press release.

“If you do it wrong, you get a lot of mistakes.”

Researchers were up against a punishing deadline. The world is producing data faster than it can create new storage. The digital universe – all the data contained in computer files, historic archives, movies, photo collections, plus the exploding volume collected by businesses and devices worldwide – is expected to hit 44 trillion gigabytes by 2020, according to the UW. That’s a tenfold increase compared to 2013.

Ceze and his team think they can go much further, moving on to store video and large digital files. They claim it could be possible to “shrink the space needed to store digital data that today would fill a Walmart supercenter down to the size of a sugar cube.”

Researchers said DNA molecules can store information many millions of times more densely than existing technology for digital storage, such as flash drives and hard drives, as well as magnetic and optical media. Those systems also degrade after a few years, while DNA can preserve information for centuries.

 

Source : https://www.rt.com/usa/338999-scientists-store-digital-date-dna/